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Development of a taxon-discriminating molecular marker to trace and quantify a mycorrhizal inoculum in roots and soils of agroecosystems

Abstract : Crop inoculation with Glomus cubense isolate (INCAM-4, DAOM-241198) promotes yield in banana, cassava, forages, and others. Yield improvements range from 20 to 80% depending on crops, nutrient supply, and edaphoclimatic conditions. However, it is difficult to connect yield effects with G. cubense abundance in roots due to the lack of an adequate methodology to trace this taxon in the field. It is necessary to establish an accurate evaluation framework of its contribution to root colonization separated from native arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). A taxon-discriminating primer set was designed based on the ITS nrDNA marker and two molecular approaches were optimized and validated (endpoint PCR and quantitative real-time PCR) to trace and quantify the G. cubense isolate in root and soil samples under greenhouse and environmental conditions. The detection limit and specificity assays were performed by both approaches. Different 18 AMF taxa were used for endpoint PCR specificity assay, showing that primers specifically amplified the INCAM-4 isolate yielding a 370 bp-PCR product. In the greenhouse, Urochloa brizantha plants inoculated with three isolates (Rhizophagus irregularis, R. clarus, and G. cubense) and environmental root and soil samples were successfully traced and quantified by qPCR. The AMF root colonization reached 41–70% and the spore number 4–128 per g of soil. This study demonstrates for the first time the feasibility to trace and quantify the G. cubense isolate using a taxon-discriminating ITS marker in roots and soils. The validated approaches reveal their potential to be used for the quality control of other mycorrhizal inoculants and their relative quantification in agroecosystems.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03313486
Contributor : Noureddine El Mjiyad <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 4, 2021 - 10:04:48 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 5, 2021 - 3:37:12 AM

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Yakelin Rodríguez-Yon, Camila Maistro-Patreze, Orivaldo Jose Saggin-Junior, Ramón Antonio Rivera, Madelaine Quiñones, et al.. Development of a taxon-discriminating molecular marker to trace and quantify a mycorrhizal inoculum in roots and soils of agroecosystems. Folia Microbiologica, Springer Verlag (Germany), 2021, 66 (3), pp.371-384. ⟨10.1007/s12223-020-00844-y⟩. ⟨hal-03313486⟩

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