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Yersiniabactin siderophore of Crohn’s disease-associated adherent-invasive Escherichia coli Is Involved in autophagy activation in host cells

Abstract : Background: Adherent-invasive Escherichia coli (AIEC) have been implicated in the etiology of Crohn’s disease. The AIEC reference strain LF82 possesses a pathogenicity island similar to the high pathogenicity island of Yersinia spp., which encodes the yersiniabactin siderophore required for iron uptake and growth of the bacteria in iron-restricted environment. Here, we investigated the role of yersiniabactin during AIEC infection. Methods: Intestinal epithelial T84 cells and CEABAC10 transgenic mice were infected with LF82 or its mutants deficient in yersiniabactin expression. Autophagy was assessed by Western blot analysis for p62 and LC3-II expression. Results: Loss of yersiniabactin decreased the growth of LF82 in competitive conditions, reducing the ability of LF82 to adhere to and invade T84 cells and to colonize the intestinal tract of CEABAC10 mice. However, yersiniabactin deficiency increased LF82 intracellular replication. Mechanistically, a functional yersiniabactin is necessary for LF82-induced expression of HIF-1α, which is implicated in autophagy activation in infected cells. Conclusion: Our study highlights a novel role for yersiniabactin siderophore in AIEC–host interaction. Indeed, yersiniabactin, which is an advantage for AIEC to growth in a competitive environment, could be a disadvantage for the bacteria as it activates autophagy, a key host defense mechanism, leading to bacterial clearance.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03318629
Contributor : Christine Molé <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, August 10, 2021 - 2:37:42 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 22, 2021 - 4:44:23 PM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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Guillaume Dalmasso, Hang Thi Thu Nguyen, Tiphanie Faïs, Sébastien Massier, Caroline Chevarin, et al.. Yersiniabactin siderophore of Crohn’s disease-associated adherent-invasive Escherichia coli Is Involved in autophagy activation in host cells. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, MDPI, 2021, 22 (7), pp.1-17. ⟨10.3390/ijms22073512⟩. ⟨hal-03318629⟩

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