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Proteinuria in COVID-19: prevalence, characterization and prognostic role

Abstract : Proteinuria has been commonly reported in patients with COVID-19. However, only dipstick tests have been frequently used thus far. Here, the quantification and characterization of proteinuria were investigated and their association with mortality was assessed. Methods This retrospective, observational, single center study included 153 patients, hospitalized with COVID-19 between March 28th and April 30th, 2020, in whom total proteinuria and urinary α 1 -microglobulin (a marker of tubular injury) were measured. Association with mortality was evaluated, with a follow-up until May 7th, 2020. Results According to the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes staging, 14% (n = 21) of the patients had category 1 proteinuria (< 150 mg/g of urine creatinine), 42% (n = 64) had category 2 (between 150 and 500 mg/g) and 44% (n = 68) had category 3 proteinuria (over 500 mg/g). Urine α 1 -microglobulin concentration was higher than 15 mg/g in 89% of patients. After a median follow-up of 27 [14;30] days, the mortality rate reached 18%. Total proteinuria and urinary α 1 -microglobulin were associated with mortality in unadjusted and adjusted models. This association was stronger in subgroups of patients with normal renal function and without a urinary catheter. Conclusions Proteinuria is frequent in patients with COVID-19. Its characterization suggests a tubular origin, with increased urinary α 1 -microglobulin. Tubular proteinuria was associated with mortality in COVID-19 in our restropective, observational study.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03329771
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Submitted on : Friday, September 3, 2021 - 9:56:00 AM
Last modification on : Monday, September 6, 2021 - 4:08:59 PM

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Justine Huart, Antoine Bouquegneau, Laurence Lutteri, Pauline Erpicum, Stéphanie Grosch, et al.. Proteinuria in COVID-19: prevalence, characterization and prognostic role. Journal of Nephrology, Italian Society of Nephrology/Springer, 2021, 34 (2), pp.355-364. ⟨10.1007/s40620-020-00931-w⟩. ⟨hal-03329771⟩

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