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Specificity and origin of the stability of the Sr isotopic ratio in champagne wines

Abstract : The 87Sr/86Sr ratio of 39 Champagnes from six different brands, originating from the whole “Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée” (AOC) Champagne was analyzed to establish a possible relation with the geographical origin. Musts (i.e., grape juice) and base wines were also analyzed to study the evolution of the Sr isotopic ratio during the elaboration process of sparkling wine. The results demonstrate that there is a very homogeneous Sr isotopic ratio (87Sr/86Sr = 0.70812, n = 37) and a narrow span of variability (2σ = 0.00007, n = 37). Moreover, the Sr concentrations in Champagnes have also low variability, which can be in part explained by the homogeneity of the bedrock in the AOC Champagne. Measurements of the 87Sr/86Sr ratio from musts and base wines show that blending during Champagne production plays a major role in the limited variability observed. Further, the 87Sr/86Sr of the musts were closely linked to the 87Sr/86Sr ratio of the vineyard soil. It appears that the 87Sr/86Sr of the product does not change during the elaboration process, but its variability decreases throughout the process due to blending. Both the homogeneity of the soil composition in the Champagne AOC and the blending process during the wine making process with several blending steps at different stages account for the unique and stable Sr isotopic signature of the Champagne wines.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 7, 2021 - 8:54:26 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 8, 2021 - 3:34:50 AM

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Robin Cellier, Sylvain Bérail, Julien Barre, Ekaterina Epova, Anne-Laure Ronzani, et al.. Specificity and origin of the stability of the Sr isotopic ratio in champagne wines. Molecules, MDPI, 2021, 26 (16), pp.1-15. ⟨10.3390/molecules26165104⟩. ⟨hal-03336169⟩

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