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The Jo-In protein welding system is a relevant tool to create CBM-containing plant cell wall degrading enzymes

Abstract : Irrespective of their biological origin, most proteins are composed of several elementary domains connected by linkers. These domains are either functionally independent units, or part of larger multidomain structures whose functions are defined by their spatial proximity. Carbohydrate-degrading enzymes provide examples of a range of multidomain structures, in which catalytic protein domains are frequently appended to one or more non-catalytic carbohydrate-binding modules which specifically bind to carbohydrate motifs. While the carbohydrate-binding specificity of these modules is clear, their function is not fully elucidated. Herein, an original approach to tackle the study of carbohydrate-binding modules using the Jo-In biomolecular welding protein pair is presented. To provide a proof of concept, recombinant xylanases appended to two different carbohydrate-binding modules have been created and produced. The data reveal the biochemical properties of four xylanase variants and provide the basis for correlating enzyme activity to structural properties and to the nature of the substrate and the ligand specificity of the appended carbohydrate-binding module. It reveals that specific spatial arrangements favour activity on soluble polymeric substrates and that activity on such substrates does not predict the behaviour of multimodular enzymes on insoluble plant cell wall samples. The results highlight that the Jo-In protein welding system is extremely useful to design multimodular enzyme systems, especially to create rigid conformations that decrease the risk of intermodular interference. Further work on Jo-In will target the introduction of varying degrees of flexibility, providing the means to study this property and the way it may influence multimodular enzyme functions.
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Contributor : Suzette Astruc <>
Submitted on : Friday, September 10, 2021 - 9:13:17 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 16, 2021 - 3:03:57 PM



Louise Badruna, Vincent Burlat, Pierre Roblin, Thomas Enjalbert, Guy Lippens, et al.. The Jo-In protein welding system is a relevant tool to create CBM-containing plant cell wall degrading enzymes. New Biotechnology, Elsevier, 2021, 65, pp.31-41. ⟨10.1016/j.nbt.2021.07.004⟩. ⟨hal-03340154⟩



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