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What Matters in Piglets’ Exposure to Antibiotics Administered through Drinking Water?

Abstract : A number of drugs are given in drinking water in piglet farming, although this way of administering drugs leads to significant and uncontrolled variability in exposures. Three main explanations for this variability have been described in the literature: (1) the drinking behavior of animals, (2) the drug concentration in water, and (3) the inter-individual variability in the pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters. This article assesses the relative importance of these three sources of exposure variability for doxycycline and amoxicillin using pharmacokinetic simulations and by observing watering behavior, and analyzes the consequences of this exposure variability. The water consumption behavior was by far the most important factor as it led to a variation in exposures of up to a factor of 7 between piglets. The second most influential factor was the drug concentration in the drinking water with variations ranging from −43.3% to +48.7% at the beginning and the end of the pipeline. Finally, the between-individual variation in PK parameters depends on the drug, but had a low impact on exposure variability. In the most variable case (doxycycline), the mean ratio between the 10% less exposed and the 10% most exposed piglets varied from 3.7 without PK parameters variability to 6 with PK variability. For both drugs, this study also showed that only a small percentage of the piglets (36%) could be considered as well exposed in case of infection by Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae or Pasteurella multocida. There may be some existing technical ways to reduce this important variability. However, their cost and ease of implementation merit examination.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03342556
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Submitted on : Monday, September 13, 2021 - 2:19:16 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 16, 2021 - 5:28:01 PM

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Malika Chassan, Anne Hémonic, Didier Concordet. What Matters in Piglets’ Exposure to Antibiotics Administered through Drinking Water?. Antibiotics, MDPI, 2021, 10 (9), pp.1067. ⟨10.3390/antibiotics10091067⟩. ⟨hal-03342556⟩

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