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Surface habitat modification through industrial tuna fishery practices

Abstract : Abstract Natural floating objects (FOBs) have always been a major component of the habitat of pelagic species. Since the 1990s, the number of FOBs in the open ocean has increased greatly as a result of the introduction of fish aggregating devices (FADs) by the industrial tropical tuna purse seine vessels. These changes, and their potential impacts on the species that associate with FOBs, remain poorly understood. Using fisheries observer data, data from satellite-linked tracking buoys attached to FOBs and Lagrangian simulations, this study quantifies the temporal changes in the density and spatial distribution of FOBs due to the use of FADs in the Indian Ocean (IO) between 2006 and 2018. From 2012 to 2018, the entire western IO is impacted, with FADs representing more than 85% of the overall FOBs, natural FOBs less than 10%, and objects originating from pollution 5%. Results also suggest that both FADs and natural FOBs densities are lower in the eastern IO, but this initial investigation highlights the need for further studies. Our study confirms that FADs have greatly modified the density and spatial distribution of FOBs, which highlights the need to investigate potential consequences on the ecology of associated species.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03344669
Contributor : Yannick Brohard Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 15, 2021 - 10:53:06 AM
Last modification on : Monday, October 25, 2021 - 11:36:08 AM

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Amaël Dupaix, Manuela Capello, Christophe Lett, Marco Andrello, Nicolas Barrier, et al.. Surface habitat modification through industrial tuna fishery practices. ICES Journal of Marine Science, Oxford University Press (OUP), In press, ⟨10.1093/icesjms/fsab175⟩. ⟨hal-03344669⟩

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