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Overview of PlantCLEF 2021: cross-domain plant identification

Hervé Goëau 1, 2 Pierre Bonnet 1, 2 Alexis Joly 3 
3 ZENITH - Scientific Data Management
LIRMM - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Robotique et de Microélectronique de Montpellier, CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée
Abstract : Automated plant identification has improved considerably thanks to recent advances in deep learning and the availability of training data with more and more field photos. However, this profusion of data concerns only a few tens of thousands of species, mainly located in North America and Western Europe, much less in the richest regions in terms of biodiversity such as tropical countries. On the other hand, for several centuries, botanists have systematically collected, catalogued and stored plant specimens in herbaria, especially in tropical regions, and recent efforts by the biodiversity informatics community have made it possible to put millions of digitised records online. The LifeCLEF 2021 plant identification challenge (or "PlantCLEF 2021") was designed to assess the extent to which automated identification of flora in data-poor regions can be improved by using herbarium collections. It is based on a dataset of about 1,000 species mainly focused on the Guiana Shield of South America, a region known to have one of the highest plant diversities in the world. The challenge was evaluated as a cross-domain classification task where the training set consisted of several hundred thousand herbarium sheets and a few thousand photos to allow learning a correspondence between the two domains. In addition to the usual metadata (location, date, author, taxonomy), the training data also includes the values of 5 morphological and functional traits for each species. The test set consisted exclusively of photos taken in the field. This article presents the resources and evaluations of the assessment carried out, summarises the approaches and systems used by the participating research groups and provides an analysis of the main results.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 24, 2021 - 9:44:02 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 15, 2022 - 3:34:41 AM


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  • HAL Id : hal-03353469, version 1


Hervé Goëau, Pierre Bonnet, Alexis Joly. Overview of PlantCLEF 2021: cross-domain plant identification. CLEF 2021 - Conference and Labs of the Evaluation Forum, Sep 2021, Bucarest, Romania. pp.1422-1436. ⟨hal-03353469⟩



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