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Brachypodium distachyon UNICULME4 and LAXATUM-A are redundantly required for development

Abstract : Abstract In cultivated grasses, tillering, leaf and inflorescence architecture, as well as abscission ability, are major agronomical traits. In barley (Hordeum vulgare), maize (Zea mays), rice (Oryza sativa), and brachypodium (Brachypodium distachyon), NOOT-BOP-COCH-LIKE (NBCL) genes are essential regulators of vegetative and reproductive development. Grass species usually possess two-to-four NBCL copies and until now a single study in O. sativa showed that the disruption of all NBCL genes strongly altered O. sativa leaf development. To improve our understanding of the role of NBCL genes in grasses, we extended the study of the two NBCL paralogs BdUNICULME4 (CUL4) and BdLAXATUM-A (LAXA) in the non-domesticated grass B. distachyon. For this, we applied reversed genetics and generated original B. distachyon single and double nbcl mutants by CRISPR-Cas9 approaches and genetic crossing between nbcl TILLING mutants. Through the study of original single laxa CRISPR-Cas9 null alleles, we validated functions previously proposed for LAXA in tillering, leaf patterning, inflorescence and flower development and also unveiled roles for these genes in seed yield. Furthermore, the characterization of cul4laxa double mutants revealed essential functions for nbcl genes in B. distachyon development, especially in the regulation of tillering, stem cell elongation and secondary cell wall composition as well as for the transition towards the reproductive phase. Our results also highlight recurrent antagonist interactions between NBCLs occurring in multiple aspects of B. distachyon development.
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Contributor : Richard Sibout Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 6, 2021 - 11:46:30 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 11:55:47 AM

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Shengbin Liu, Kévin Magne, Sylviane Daniel, Richard Sibout, Pascal Ratet. Brachypodium distachyon UNICULME4 and LAXATUM-A are redundantly required for development. Plant Physiology, American Society of Plant Biologists, 2022, 188 (1), pp.363-381. ⟨10.1093/plphys/kiab456⟩. ⟨hal-03368766⟩



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