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Maternal environment and seed size are important for successful germination and seedling establishment of Pterocarpus erinaceus (Fabaceae)

Abstract : Seed size and the growth environment are important variables that influence seed germination, growth and biomass of seedlings and future tree harvest and should thus be taken into account in agroforestry and reforestation programmes for endangered species like Pterocarpus erinaceus. In the present study, to assess seedling germination and vigour in P. erinaceus as a function of seed size in two environments, 1080 seeds and 360 seedlings were evaluated at two separate sites in Côte d'Ivoire. The results show that large seeds had very high germination rates (up to 100%) and produced more vigorous plants better able to adapt to climate change. The maternal environment and seed size had a significant influence on seed germination (P < 0.05) and seedling development (P < 0.05) and biomass (P < 0.05). Seedlings were most successful at the site with a humid tropical climate (Daloa). Seedling leaves had the same resistance regardless of seed size and study site, but leaf moisture content was more stable in seedlings grown from medium and small seeds. These results will help guide conservation strategies for the species and are key factors for rural populations, loggers, and forest management structures for the silviculture of this species.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03401711
Contributor : Yannick Brohard Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, October 25, 2021 - 2:21:30 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 6:44:53 AM

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Beda Innocent Adji, Sélastique Doffou Akaffou, Philippe de Reffye, Sylvie-Annabel Sabatier. Maternal environment and seed size are important for successful germination and seedling establishment of Pterocarpus erinaceus (Fabaceae). Journal of Forestry Research, Springer Verlag, In press, ⟨10.1007/s11676-021-01412-x⟩. ⟨hal-03401711⟩

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