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The Evolution of Leaf Function during Development Is Reflected in Profound Changes in the Metabolic Composition of the Vacuole

Abstract : During its development, the leaf undergoes profound metabolic changes to ensure, among other things, its growth. The subcellular metabolome of tomato leaves was studied at four stages of leaf development, with a particular emphasis on the composition of the vacuole, a major actor of cell growth. For this, leaves were collected at different positions of the plant, corresponding to different developmental stages. Coupling cytology approaches to non-aqueous cell fractionation allowed to estimate the subcellular concentrations of major compounds in the leaves. The results showed major changes in the composition of the vacuole across leaf development. Thus, sucrose underwent a strong allocation, being mostly located in the vacuole at the beginning of development and in the cytosol at maturity. Furthermore, these analyses revealed that the vacuole, rather rich in secondary metabolites and sugars in the growth phases, accumulated organic acids thereafter. This result suggests that the maintenance of the osmolarity of the vacuole of mature leaves would largely involve inorganic molecules.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03505133
Contributor : Muriel Gauthier Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, December 30, 2021 - 11:22:28 AM
Last modification on : Friday, March 4, 2022 - 3:59:42 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, March 31, 2022 - 6:08:10 PM

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Alice Destailleur, Théo Poucet, Cecile Cabasson, Ana Paula Alonso, Jean-Christophe Cocuron, et al.. The Evolution of Leaf Function during Development Is Reflected in Profound Changes in the Metabolic Composition of the Vacuole. Metabolites, MDPI, 2021, 11 (12), pp.848. ⟨10.3390/metabo11120848⟩. ⟨hal-03505133⟩

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