Direct flow cytometry measurements and cell imaging reveal a fine-tuning of endosymbiont and bacteriocyte cell dynamics during aphid development - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2015

Direct flow cytometry measurements and cell imaging reveal a fine-tuning of endosymbiont and bacteriocyte cell dynamics during aphid development

Abstract

Endosymbiotic associations constitute a driving force in the ecological and evolutionary diversification of metazoan organisms. Little is known about whether and how symbiotic cells are coordinated according to host physiology. Here, we use the nutritional symbiosis between the insect pest, Acyrthosiphon pisum, and its obligate symbiont, Buchnera aphidicola, as a model system. We have developed a novel approach for unculturable bacteria, based on flow cytometry, and used this method to estimate the absolute numbers of symbionts at key stages of aphid life. The endosymbiont population increases exponentially throughout nymphal development, showing a growing rate which has never been characterized by indirect molecular techniques. Using histology and imaging techniques, we have shown that the endosymbiont-bearing cells (bacteriocytes) increase significantly in number and size during the nymphal development, and clustering in the insect abdomen. Once adulthood is reached and the laying period has begun, the dynamics of symbiont and host cells is reversed: the number of endosymbionts decreases and the bacteriocyte structure progressively degenerates during insect aging. To characterize the retrogressive changes in bacteriocyte tissue, in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry experiments have been performed and demonstrated the appearance of disaggregated bacteriocyte cells exhibiting morphological alterations such as low symbiont-density zones and abnormal nuclear shape. Altogether, these results show a coordination of the cellular dynamics between bacteriocytes and primary endosymbionts and reveal a fine-tuning of aphid symbiotic cells to the nutritional demand imposed by the host physiology throughout development.
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hal-03506775 , version 1 (02-01-2022)

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  • HAL Id : hal-03506775 , version 1

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Pierre Simonet, Marie-Gabrielle Duport, Karen Gaget, Severine Balmand, Stefano Colella, et al.. Direct flow cytometry measurements and cell imaging reveal a fine-tuning of endosymbiont and bacteriocyte cell dynamics during aphid development. UK – France joint meeting on Aphids (Réseau Français de Biologie Adaptative des Pucerons et Organismes Associés – Aphids Special Interest Group of Royal Entomological Sociaty), Nov 2015, Paris, France. ⟨hal-03506775⟩
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