Diurnal and Seasonal Variations of Passive and Active Microwave Satellite Observations Over Tropical Forests - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences Year : 2022

Diurnal and Seasonal Variations of Passive and Active Microwave Satellite Observations Over Tropical Forests

Abstract

Documenting the large scale variability of tropical forest structure and function is needed for improved understanding of the carbon and water cycles. The seasonal and diurnal cycles of passive and active microwave satellite observations are jointly analyzed for the first time, using the Global Precipitation Mission (GPM). Collocated backscattering coefficients from the GPM Dual-frequency Precipitation Radar (DPR) and emissivities derived from the GPM Microwave Imager (GMI) are studied for 4 yr over the Tropics, at the available multiple frequencies, angles, and polarizations. Our analysis confirms the diurnal patterns already observed with radars, with a maximum backscatter in the early morning attributed to the water xylem refill at night. At the same time, early in the morning, we evidence a minimum emissivity over most of tropical forests: the backscatter and emissivity diurnal cycles tend to be in phase opposition, as well as their seasonal cycles. However, during the dry season in the south eastern Amazonian forest where precipitation can be low for several months, the emissivity diurnal cycle changes, implying a different behavior of the forest in this area, related to the state of the canopy.
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hal-03615921 , version 1 (17-08-2022)

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Catherine Prigent, Carlos Jimenez, Lan Anh Dinh, Frédéric Frappart, Pierre Gentine, et al.. Diurnal and Seasonal Variations of Passive and Active Microwave Satellite Observations Over Tropical Forests. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 2022, 127 (2), ⟨10.1029/2021JG006677⟩. ⟨hal-03615921⟩
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