Glycated Albumin With Loss of Fatty Acid Binding Capacity Contributes to Enhanced Arachidonate Oxygenation and Platelet Hyperactivity: Relevance in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Diabetes Year : 2015

Glycated Albumin With Loss of Fatty Acid Binding Capacity Contributes to Enhanced Arachidonate Oxygenation and Platelet Hyperactivity: Relevance in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Abstract

High plasma concentrations of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs), transported bound to serum albumin, are associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The effects of albumin on platelet function were investigated in vitro. Modifications of albumin, such as those due to glycoxidation, were found in patients with T2D, and the consequences of these modifications on biological mechanisms related to NEFA handling were investigated. Mass spectrometry profiles of albumin from patients with T2D differed from those from healthy control subjects. Diabetic albumin showed impaired NEFA binding capacity, and both structural and functional alterations could be reproduced in vitro by incubating native albumin with glucose and methylglyoxal. Platelets incubated with albumin isolated from patients with T2D aggregated approximately twice as much as platelets incubated with albumin isolated from healthy control subjects. Accordingly, platelets incubated with modified albumin produced significantly higher amounts of arachidonate metabolites than did platelets incubated with control albumin. We concluded that higher amounts of free arachidonate are made available for the generation of active metabolites in platelets when the NEFA binding capacity of albumin is blunted by glycoxidation. This newly described mechanism, in addition to hypoalbuminemia, may contribute to platelet hyperactivity and increased thrombosis, known to occur in patients with T2D.

Dates and versions

hal-03619944 , version 1 (25-03-2022)

Identifiers

Cite

Denis Blache, Emmanuel Bourdon, Pauline Salloignon, Géraldine Lucchi, Patrick Ducoroy, et al.. Glycated Albumin With Loss of Fatty Acid Binding Capacity Contributes to Enhanced Arachidonate Oxygenation and Platelet Hyperactivity: Relevance in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes, 2015, 64 (3), pp.960-972. ⟨10.2337/db14-0879⟩. ⟨hal-03619944⟩

Collections

INRAE ANR
13 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More