Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of a Dieldrin Resistance Gene in Aedes albopictus and Culex quinquefasciatus Populations From Reunion Island - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Insect Science Year : 2022

Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of a Dieldrin Resistance Gene in Aedes albopictus and Culex quinquefasciatus Populations From Reunion Island

Abstract

The control of mosquito populations using insecticides is increasingly threatened by the spread of resistance mechanisms. Dieldrin resistance, conferred by point mutations in the Rdl gene encoding the γ-aminobutyric acid receptor, has been reported at high prevalence in mosquito populations in response to selective pressures. In this study, we monitored spatio-temporal dynamics of the resistance-conferring RdlR allele in Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse, 1895) and Culex (Culex) quinquefasciatus (Say, 1823) populations from Reunion Island. Specimens of both mosquito species were sampled over a 12-month period in three cities and in sites located at lower (<61 m) and higher (between 503 and 564 m) altitudes. Mosquitoes were genotyped using a molecular test detecting the alanine to serine substitution (A302S) in the Rdl gene. Overall, the RdlR frequencies were higher in Cx. quinquefasciatus than Ae. albopictus. For both mosquito species, the RdlR frequencies were significantly influenced by location and altitude with higher RdlR frequencies in the most urbanized areas and at lower altitudes. This study highlights environmental factors that influence the dynamics of insecticide resistance genes, which is critical for the management of insecticide resistance and the implementation of alternative and efficient vector control strategies.
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Dates and versions

hal-03689388 , version 1 (07-06-2022)

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Attribution - NonCommercial

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Cyrille Lebon, Haoues Alout, Stanislas Zafihita, Jean-Sébastien Dehecq, Mylène Weill, et al.. Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of a Dieldrin Resistance Gene in Aedes albopictus and Culex quinquefasciatus Populations From Reunion Island. Journal of Insect Science, 2022, 22 (3), ⟨10.1093/jisesa/ieac023⟩. ⟨hal-03689388⟩
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