Is the association between dietary patterns and cognition mediated by children's adiposity? A longitudinal approach in Generation XXI birth cohort - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Clinical Nutrition Year : 2022

Is the association between dietary patterns and cognition mediated by children's adiposity? A longitudinal approach in Generation XXI birth cohort

(1) , (1) , (1) , (1) , (2) , (1) , (1)
1
2

Abstract

Background/aims: There is a consistent body of evidence on the association between single nutrients and cognition, but the role of a healthful dietary pattern on cognition in children has been seldomly studied. This study aims to assess the association between dietary patterns at 4 years (y) and cognitive abilities at 10-13y and examine whether adiposity mediated these associations. Methods: This study used data from a sub-sample of the population-based birth cohort Generation XXI, with complete information on diet and cognition (n = 3575). At 4y, data on dietary intake was collected by a validated food frequency questionnaire and dietary patterns were derived by latent class analysis, namely Energy-dense food (EDF) pattern, Snacking pattern and Healthier pattern (Reference). At 10-13y, the Portuguese Version of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (R)-Third Edition was administered by trained psychologists and age-adjusted composite scores were computed: a Full-Scale Intelligence Quotient (IQ), plus a Verbal IQ, Performance IQ and Processing Speed IQ. Age- and sex-specific body mass index (BMI) z-scores, body fat percentage from bioimpedance, and waist-to-weight ratio and waist-tohip ratio were used as measures of adiposity. Regression coefficients and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were computed using linear regression models (adjusted for maternal age and education, pre-pregnancy BMI, smoking and alcohol intake during pregnancy, child's sex, birthweight, exclusive breastfeeding duration and having siblings at 4y). Mediation analysis was conducted using path analysis. Results: After adjustment, children classified in the EDF or a Snacking patterns at 4y were more likely to have lower scores on total IQ (13 = -0.116; 95%CI:-0.192,-0.039 and 13 = -0.148; 95%CI -0.252,-0.044, respectively), Verbal IQ (13 = -0.104; 95%CI -0.177, -0.031 and 13 = -0.163; 95%CI -0.262,-0.064, respectively) and Performance IQ (13 = -0.116 95%CI -0.193,-0.040 and 13 = -0.147; 95% CI -0.250,-0.042, respectively) at 10-13y, when compared to those classified in the Healthier pattern. None of the adiposity measures seemed to explain the associations between dietary patterns and IQ. Conclusion: This study supports that early unhealthy dietary patterns were associated with lower child's cognitive ability, but this effect did not seem to be mediated by adiposity. (c) 2021 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism.
Not file

Dates and versions

hal-03694511 , version 1 (13-06-2022)

Identifiers

Cite

Ana Rita Marinho, Milton Severo, Sofia Vilela, Raquel Costa, Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain, et al.. Is the association between dietary patterns and cognition mediated by children's adiposity? A longitudinal approach in Generation XXI birth cohort. Clinical Nutrition, 2022, 41 (1), pp.231-237. ⟨10.1016/j.clnu.2021.11.029⟩. ⟨hal-03694511⟩
7 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More