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Journal Articles Remote Sensing of Environment Year : 2022

Year-round sea ice and snow characterization from combined passive and active microwave observations and radiative transfer modeling

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Abstract

Satellite microwave observations from 1.4 to 36 GHz already showed sensitivity to several geophysical parameters of sea ice such as Sea Ice Concentration (SIC), Sea Ice Thickness (SIT) or snow depth. The main goal of this article is to provide a realistic and comprehensive characterization of the sea ice and its snow cover that explains the microwave observations during a whole year using a radiative transfer model. For this purpose, we construct a unique dataset of passive microwave observations, to mimic the future Copernicus Imaging Microwave Radiometer (CIMR), along with the active microwave scatterometer data (ASCAT). CIMR database is used to classify sea ice microwave signatures in their spectral dimension with a machine learning technique while ASCAT data are used to help interpret the results of the classification. Classification results are then interpreted with a state-of-art sea ice and Snow Microwave Radiative Transfer model (SMRT) for all highlighted signatures and all seasons. Results make it possible to identify the specific behaviors from the observation co-variabilities for SIC, SIT, and snow structure. Our analysis underlined the role of the depth hoar over multi-year ice, for the interpretation of scattering signals in winter. Scattering signals that appear in late summer are explained by the presence of superimposed ice. This characterization will benefit from future advances in SMRT development, as well as the improved observations of future satellite missions.
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Dates and versions

hal-03699154 , version 1 (20-06-2022)

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Clément Soriot, Ghislain Picard, Catherine Prigent, Frédéric Frappart, Florent Domine. Year-round sea ice and snow characterization from combined passive and active microwave observations and radiative transfer modeling. Remote Sensing of Environment, 2022, 278, pp.1-15. ⟨10.1016/j.rse.2022.113061⟩. ⟨hal-03699154⟩
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