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Low-flow forecasting in France using the PREMHYCE operational platform: recent advances and perspectives

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Abstract

In many countries, rivers are the primary supply of water. A number of uses are concerned (drinking water, irrigation, hydropower…) and can be strongly affected by water shortages. Therefore, there is a need of early anticipation of low-flow periods to improve water management. This is strengthened by the perspective of having more severe summer low-flows in the context of climate change. Several French institutes (BRGM, EDF, INRAE, Lorraine University and Météo-France) have been collaborating to develop an operational tool for low-flow forecasting, called PREMHYCE (Tilmant et al., 2020). This platform produces forecasts in real time on more than 900 catchments in metropolitan France since 2017, in cooperation with French operational services of water management. PREMHYCE includes five hydrological models which can be calibrated on gauged catchments and which assimilate flow observations. Low-flow forecasts based on ensemble streamflow prediction (ESP) can be issued up to either 15 days ahead, based on scenarios from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) or 90 days ahead, using historical climatic data as ensembles of future input scenarios. These climatic data (precipitation and temperature) are provided by Météo-France with the daily gridded SAFRAN reanalysis on the 1958-2020 period, which includes a wide range of conditions. Outputs from the different hydrological models are combined into a simple multi-model approach to improve robustness of the forecasts. The tool provides text files and graphical representation of forecasted low-flows, and probability to be under low-flow thresholds provided by users. In 2020, a website has been developed allowing easier access to the forecasts for users. The presentation will show the main characteristics of this operational tool and results on the recent low-flow periods.
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Dates and versions

hal-03701578 , version 1 (22-06-2022)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-03701578 , version 1

Cite

François Tilmant, François Bourgin, Anne-Lise Véron, Fabienne Rousset, Jean-Marie Willemet, et al.. Low-flow forecasting in France using the PREMHYCE operational platform: recent advances and perspectives. IAHS-AISH Scientific Assembly 2022, May 2022, Montpellier, France. ⟨hal-03701578⟩
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