Observed and modeled response of water yam (Dioscorea alata L.) to nitrogen supply: Consequences for nitrogen fertilizer management in the humid tropics - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles European Journal of Agronomy Year : 2022

Observed and modeled response of water yam (Dioscorea alata L.) to nitrogen supply: Consequences for nitrogen fertilizer management in the humid tropics

Abstract

Yam (Dioscorea spp.) is an important source of food for millions of people throughout the tropics. Yam yields are constrained by several factors such as low soil fertility and a poor response of the crop to nutrient supply. Here we present an experimental and modeling study performed to test the hypothesis that N leaching in the humid tropics is a key factor that explains the poor response of water yam (Dioscorea alata L.) to N fertilization. A field experiment was carried out to assess the impact of three levels of N supply (50, 125 and 200 kg N ha(-1)) on crop growth and soil N availability. The N fertilizer was split into two equal doses (i.e., 50%/50% split ratio), one applied just before emergence and the other a month after tuber initiation, which corresponds to the current management used by farmers. The CropSyst-Yam model was adapted to include a new soil-crop N component describing the effects of limiting N conditions on yam growth, and then to test different N fertilizer managements. The experimental results indicated that all variables linked to the soil-crop system were affected by the increase in N supply (soil N availability, crop biomass, leaf area and N uptake), and the model well described these impacts. Nitrogen leaching throughout the field experiment represented about one third of the total N supplied by each treatment. Observed and predicted data revealed that N leaching reduced yam growth under the N50 and N125 treatments by reducing soil N availability near the tuber initiation stage. This effect was not observed under the N200 treatment. Model results showed that N leaching and its negative impact near tuber initiation in N50 and N125 could be diminished by advancing the second N application by two or three weeks, and by using a split ratio of 70%/30%. Model results also indicated that this fertilizer strategy would even be suitable during very rainy growing seasons.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Cornet et al_EJA_2022.pdf (565.49 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Cornet et al_EJA_2022 (1).pdf (565.49 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Files produced by the author(s)

Dates and versions

hal-03703104 , version 1 (12-07-2023)

Identifiers

Cite

Denis Cornet, Javier Marcos, Régis Tournebize, Jorge Sierra. Observed and modeled response of water yam (Dioscorea alata L.) to nitrogen supply: Consequences for nitrogen fertilizer management in the humid tropics. European Journal of Agronomy, 2022, 138, ⟨10.1016/j.eja.2022.126536⟩. ⟨hal-03703104⟩
34 View
28 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More