The dairy probiotic bacterium Propionibacterium freudenreichii against colitis and mucositis: a key role of the surface layer protein SlpB - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2022

The dairy probiotic bacterium Propionibacterium freudenreichii against colitis and mucositis: a key role of the surface layer protein SlpB

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Abstract

Introduction Gut inflammation constitutes a growing health concern in developed countries. It may consist in spontaneous ailments of the gut, involving both the host immune system and microbiota, such as IBD, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. It may be caused by a medical treatment, such as mucositis induced by cancer chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. It coincides with a dysbiosis including a lack of anti-inflammatory bacteria. As an example, propionibacteria are lacking in the microbiota of newborns that develop necrotizing enterocolitis. Methods Dairy propionibacteria strains were tested in vitro on human PBMCs with respect to their ability to induce immunomodulatory cytokines. Selected strains were then tested in vitro with respect to their ability to protect mice from TNBS-induced colitis, from DSS-induced colitis, and from 5FU-induced mucositis. Results We thus focused on the immunomodulatory properties of GRAS propionibacteria. Selected strains of Propionibacterium freudenreichii induced the regulatory IL-10 cytokine in human immune cells (Foligné et al., 2010, 2013), depending on surface proteins (Le Marechal et al., 2015). Mutation of the slpB gene suppressed this immunomodulatory effect and the resulting slpB mutant induced a rather proinflammatory response (Deutsch et al., 2017). Consumption of wild-type P. freudenreichii protected from colitis induced by both TNBS and by DSS. It alleviated severity of symptoms, modulated local and systemic inflammation, as well as colonic oxidative stress and epithelial cell damages (Plé et al., 2015, 2016; Rabah et al., 2020). Accordingly, consumption of Lactococcus lactis NCDO 2118 harboring pXIES-SEC:slpB and expressing the propionibacterial SlpB reduced severity of colitis, lowered weight loss, disease activity index, shortening of the colon length, and histopathological score, compared with mice treated with L. lactis NCDO 2118 wild-type strain (Belo et al., 2021). In the context of mucositis induced by the chemotherapy 5-FU, P. freudenreichii prevented weight loss, reduced inflammation and consequently intestinal damages. It regulated key markers, including Claudin-1 and IL-17a genes, as well as IL-12 and IL-1β cytokines levels (Cordeiro et al., 2018). Mutant strain slpB displayed opposite regulatory effect on cld1 expression and on IL-12 levels, and failed to afford protection towards 5-FU-mucositis (do Carmo et al., 2019). P. freudenreichii was further shown to produce extracellular vesicles (EVs), which mimic the immunomodulatory features of propionibacteria in vitro by modulating NF-κB transcription factor activity and IL-8 release in cultured human intestinal epithelial cells (Rodovalho et al., 2020). Proteomic analysis revealed presence of SlpB in these EVs. Discussion This work emphasizes the importance of SlpB in P. freudenreichii ability to reduce both mucositis and colitis inflammation. It opens perspectives for the development of probiotic products aimed at decreasing side effects of chemotherapy and at helping treatment of colitis, thanks to GRAS bacteria.
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Dates and versions

hal-03716496 , version 1 (07-07-2022)

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  • HAL Id : hal-03716496 , version 1

Cite

Gwénaël Jan, Benoît Foligné, Fillipe Luiz Rosa Do Carmo, Vinícius de Rezende Rodovalho, Houem Rabah, et al.. The dairy probiotic bacterium Propionibacterium freudenreichii against colitis and mucositis: a key role of the surface layer protein SlpB. 15th International scientific conference on probiotics, prebiotics gut microbiota and health - IPC2022, Jun 2022, Bratislava, Slovakia. ⟨hal-03716496⟩
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