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Journal Articles Journal of General Virology Year : 2004

Expansion of host-cell tropism of foot-and-mouth disease virus despite replication in a constant environment

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Carmen Ruiz-Jarabo
  • Function : Author
Nonia Pariente
  • Function : Author
Mercedes Dávila
  • Function : Author
Gema Gómez-Mariano
  • Function : Author
Esteban Domingo
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) variants adapted to BHK-21 cells showed an expanded host-cell tropism that extended to primate and human cell lines. Virus replication in human HeLa and Jurkat cells has been documented by titration of virus infectivity, quantification of virus RNA, expression of a virus-specific non-structural antigen, and serial passage of virus in the cells. Parallel serial infections of human Jurkat cells with the same variant FMDVs indicates a strong stochastic component in the progression of infection. Chimeric viruses identified the capsid as a genomic region involved in tropism expansion. These results indicate that, contrary to theoretical predictions, replication of an RNA virus in a constant cellular environment may lead to expansion of cellular tropism, rather than to a more specialized infection of the cellular type to which the virus has been adapted.

Dates and versions

hal-03716768 , version 1 (07-07-2022)

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Carmen Ruiz-Jarabo, Nonia Pariente, Eric Baranowski, Mercedes Dávila, Gema Gómez-Mariano, et al.. Expansion of host-cell tropism of foot-and-mouth disease virus despite replication in a constant environment. Journal of General Virology, 2004, 85 (8), pp.2289-2297. ⟨10.1099/vir.0.80126-0⟩. ⟨hal-03716768⟩

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