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Journal Articles Global Ecology and Biogeography Year : 2022

Water table depth modulates productivity and biomass across Amazonian forests

Thaiane Sousa (1) , Juliana Schietti (2) , Igor O. Ribeiro , Thaise Emílio (3) , Rafael Herrera Fernández , Hans ter Steege , Carolina Castilho , Adriane Esquivel-Muelbert , Timothy Baker , Aline Pontes-Lopes , Camila Silva , Juliana Silveira , Géraldine Derroire , Wendeson Castro , Abel Monteagudo Mendoza , Ademir Ruschel , Adriana Prieto , Adriano José Nogueira Lima , Agustín Rudas , Alejandro Araujo-Murakami , Alexander Parada Gutierrez , Ana Andrade , Anand Roopsind , Angelo Gilberto Manzatto , Anthony Di Fiore , Armando Torres-Lezama , Aurélie Dourdain , Beatriz Marimon , Ben Hur Marimon , Benoit Burban , Bert van Ulft , Bruno Herault , Carlos Quesada , Casimiro Mendoza , Clement Stahl , Damien Bonal , David Galbraith , David Neill , Edmar de Oliveira , Eduardo Hase , Eliana Jimenez-Rojas , Emilio Vilanova , Eric Arets , Erika Berenguer , Esteban Alvarez-Davila , Eurídice Honorio Coronado , Everton Almeida , Fernanda Coelho , Fernando Cornejo Valverde , Fernando Elias , Foster Brown , Frans Bongers , Freddy Ramirez Arevalo , Gabriela Lopez-Gonzalez , Geertje van der Heijden , Gerardo Aymard C. , Gerardo Flores Llampazo , Guido Pardo , Hirma Ramírez-Angulo , Iêda Leão Do Amaral , Ima Célia Guimarães Vieira , Isau Huamantupa-Chuquimaco , James Comiskey , James Singh , Javier Silva Espejo , Jhon del Aguila-Pasquel , Joeri Alexander Zwerts , Joey Talbot , John Terborgh , Joice Ferreira , Jorcely Barroso , Jos Barlow , José Luís Camargo , Juliana Stropp , Julie Peacock , Julio Serrano , Karina Melgaço , Leandro Ferreira , Lilian Blanc , Lourens Poorter , Luis Valenzuela Gamarra , Luiz Aragão , Luzmila Arroyo , Marcos Silveira , Maria Cristina Peñuela-Mora , Mario Percy Núñez Vargas , Marisol Toledo , Mat Disney , M. Réjou-Méchain (4) , Michel Baisie , Michelle Kalamandeen , Nadir Pallqui Camacho , Nállarett Dávila Cardozo , Natalino Silva , Nigel Pitman , Niro Higuchi , Olaf Banki , Patricia Alvarez Loayza , Paulo Graça , Paulo Morandi , Peter van der Meer , Peter van der Hout , Pétrus Naisso , Plínio Barbosa Camargo , Rafael Salomão , Raquel Thomas , Rene Boot , Ricardo Keichi Umetsu , Richarlly da Costa Silva , Robyn Burnham , Roderick Zagt , Rodolfo Vasquez Martinez , Roel Brienen , Sabina Cerruto Ribeiro , Simon Lewis , Simone Aparecida Vieira , Simone Matias de Almeida Reis , Sophie Fauset , Susan Laurance , Ted Feldpausch , Terry Erwin , Timothy Killeen , Verginia Wortel , Victor Chama Moscoso , Vincent Vos , Walter Huaraca Huasco , William Laurance , Yadvinder Malhi , William Magnusson , Oliver Phillips , Flávia Costa , John‐arvid Grytnes
Juliana Schietti
Igor O. Ribeiro
Rafael Herrera Fernández
  • Function : Author
Hans ter Steege
Carolina Castilho
  • Function : Author
Adriane Esquivel-Muelbert
Timothy Baker
Aline Pontes-Lopes
  • Function : Author
Camila Silva
  • Function : Author
Juliana Silveira
  • Function : Author
Géraldine Derroire
Wendeson Castro
Abel Monteagudo Mendoza
  • Function : Author
Ademir Ruschel
  • Function : Author
Adriana Prieto
  • Function : Author
Adriano José Nogueira Lima
  • Function : Author
Agustín Rudas
  • Function : Author
Alejandro Araujo-Murakami
  • Function : Author
Alexander Parada Gutierrez
  • Function : Author
Ana Andrade
  • Function : Author
Anand Roopsind
  • Function : Author
Angelo Gilberto Manzatto
  • Function : Author
Anthony Di Fiore
  • Function : Author
Armando Torres-Lezama
  • Function : Author
Aurélie Dourdain
  • Function : Author
Beatriz Marimon
  • Function : Author
Ben Hur Marimon
  • Function : Author
Benoit Burban
  • Function : Author
Bert van Ulft
  • Function : Author
Bruno Herault
Carlos Quesada
  • Function : Author
Casimiro Mendoza
  • Function : Author
Clement Stahl
  • Function : Author
Damien Bonal
  • Function : Author
David Galbraith
  • Function : Author
David Neill
  • Function : Author
Edmar de Oliveira
Eduardo Hase
  • Function : Author
Eliana Jimenez-Rojas
  • Function : Author
Emilio Vilanova
Eric Arets
  • Function : Author
Erika Berenguer
  • Function : Author
Esteban Alvarez-Davila
  • Function : Author
Eurídice Honorio Coronado
  • Function : Author
Everton Almeida
  • Function : Author
Fernanda Coelho
  • Function : Author
Fernando Cornejo Valverde
  • Function : Author
Fernando Elias
  • Function : Author
Foster Brown
  • Function : Author
Frans Bongers
  • Function : Author
Freddy Ramirez Arevalo
  • Function : Author
Gabriela Lopez-Gonzalez
  • Function : Author
Geertje van der Heijden
  • Function : Author
Gerardo Aymard C.
  • Function : Author
Gerardo Flores Llampazo
  • Function : Author
Guido Pardo
  • Function : Author
Hirma Ramírez-Angulo
  • Function : Author
Iêda Leão Do Amaral
  • Function : Author
Ima Célia Guimarães Vieira
  • Function : Author
Isau Huamantupa-Chuquimaco
  • Function : Author
James Comiskey
James Singh
  • Function : Author
Javier Silva Espejo
  • Function : Author
Jhon del Aguila-Pasquel
Joeri Alexander Zwerts
  • Function : Author
Joey Talbot
  • Function : Author
John Terborgh
  • Function : Author
Joice Ferreira
  • Function : Author
Jorcely Barroso
  • Function : Author
Jos Barlow
  • Function : Author
José Luís Camargo
  • Function : Author
Juliana Stropp
  • Function : Author
Julie Peacock
  • Function : Author
Julio Serrano
  • Function : Author
Karina Melgaço
  • Function : Author
Leandro Ferreira
  • Function : Author
Lilian Blanc
  • Function : Author
Lourens Poorter
Luis Valenzuela Gamarra
  • Function : Author
Luiz Aragão
  • Function : Author
Luzmila Arroyo
  • Function : Author
Marcos Silveira
  • Function : Author
Maria Cristina Peñuela-Mora
  • Function : Author
Mario Percy Núñez Vargas
  • Function : Author
Marisol Toledo
  • Function : Author
Mat Disney
  • Function : Author
Michel Baisie
  • Function : Author
Michelle Kalamandeen
  • Function : Author
Nadir Pallqui Camacho
  • Function : Author
Nállarett Dávila Cardozo
  • Function : Author
Natalino Silva
  • Function : Author
Nigel Pitman
  • Function : Author
Niro Higuchi
  • Function : Author
Olaf Banki
  • Function : Author
Patricia Alvarez Loayza
  • Function : Author
Paulo Graça
  • Function : Author
Paulo Morandi
Peter van der Meer
  • Function : Author
Peter van der Hout
  • Function : Author
Pétrus Naisso
  • Function : Author
Plínio Barbosa Camargo
  • Function : Author
Rafael Salomão
  • Function : Author
Raquel Thomas
  • Function : Author
Rene Boot
  • Function : Author
Ricardo Keichi Umetsu
  • Function : Author
Richarlly da Costa Silva
  • Function : Author
Robyn Burnham
  • Function : Author
Roderick Zagt
  • Function : Author
Rodolfo Vasquez Martinez
  • Function : Author
Roel Brienen
  • Function : Author
Sabina Cerruto Ribeiro
  • Function : Author
Simon Lewis
  • Function : Author
Simone Aparecida Vieira
  • Function : Author
Simone Matias de Almeida Reis
  • Function : Author
Sophie Fauset
  • Function : Author
Susan Laurance
  • Function : Author
Ted Feldpausch
  • Function : Author
Terry Erwin
  • Function : Author
Timothy Killeen
  • Function : Author
Verginia Wortel
  • Function : Author
Victor Chama Moscoso
  • Function : Author
Vincent Vos
  • Function : Author
Walter Huaraca Huasco
  • Function : Author
William Laurance
  • Function : Author
Yadvinder Malhi
  • Function : Author
William Magnusson
Oliver Phillips
Flávia Costa
John‐arvid Grytnes
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Aim: Water availability is the major driver of tropical forest structure and dynamics. Most research has focused on the impacts of climatic water availability, whereas remarkably little is known about the influence of water table depth and excess soil water on forest processes. Nevertheless, given that plants take up water from the soil, the impacts of climatic water supply on plants are likely to be modulated by soil water conditions. Location: Lowland Amazonian forests. Time period: 1971–2019. Methods: We used 344 long-term inventory plots distributed across Amazonia to analyse the effects of long-term climatic and edaphic water supply on forest functioning. We modelled forest structure and dynamics as a function of climatic, soil-water and edaphic properties. Results: Water supplied by both precipitation and groundwater affects forest structure and dynamics, but in different ways. Forests with a shallow water table (depth <5 m) had 18% less above-ground woody productivity and 23% less biomass stock than forests with a deep water table. Forests in drier climates (maximum cumulative water deficit < −160 mm) had 21% less productivity and 24% less biomass than those in wetter climates. Productivity was affected by the interaction between climatic water deficit and water table depth. On average, in drier climates the forests with a shallow water table had lower productivity than those with a deep water table, with this difference decreasing within wet climates, where lower productivity was confined to a very shallow water table. Main conclusions: We show that the two extremes of water availability (excess and deficit) both reduce productivity in Amazon upland (terra-firme) forests. Biomass and productivity across Amazonia respond not simply to regional climate, but rather to its interaction with water table conditions, exhibiting high local differentiation. Our study disentangles the relative contribution of those factors, helping to improve understanding of the functioning of tropical ecosystems and how they are likely to respond to climate change.

Dates and versions

hal-03721086 , version 1 (12-07-2022)

Identifiers

Cite

Thaiane Sousa, Juliana Schietti, Igor O. Ribeiro, Thaise Emílio, Rafael Herrera Fernández, et al.. Water table depth modulates productivity and biomass across Amazonian forests. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 2022, 31 (8), pp.1571-1588. ⟨10.1111/geb.13531⟩. ⟨hal-03721086⟩
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