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Journal Articles Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry Year : 2022

Nasal Odorant Competitive Metabolism Is Involved in the Human Olfactory Process

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Abstract

Within the peripheral olfactory process, odorant metabolizing enzymes are involved in the active biotransformation of odorants, thus influencing the intensity and quality of the signal, but little evidence exists in humans. Here, we characterized the fast nasal metabolism of the food aroma pentane-2,3-dione in vivo and identified two resulting metabolites in the nasal-exhaled air, supporting the metabolizing role of the dicarbonyl/l-xylulose reductase. We showed in vitro, using the recombinant enzyme, that pentane-2,3-dione metabolism was inhibited by a second odorant (e.g., butanoic acid) according to an odorant–odorant competitive metabolic mechanism. Hypothesizing that such mechanism exists in vivo, pentane-2,3-dione, presented with a competitive odorant, both at subthreshold concentrations, was actually significantly perceived, suggesting an increase in its nasal availability. Our results, suggesting that odorant metabolizing enzymes can balance the relative detection of odorants in a mixture, in turn influencing the intensity of the signal, should be considered to better manage flavor perception in food.
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Dates and versions

hal-03728119 , version 1 (20-07-2022)

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Aline Robert-Hazotte, Philippe Faure, Franck Ménétrier, Mireille Folia, Mathieu Schwartz, et al.. Nasal Odorant Competitive Metabolism Is Involved in the Human Olfactory Process. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2022, 70 (27), pp.8385-8394. ⟨10.1021/acs.jafc.2c02720⟩. ⟨hal-03728119⟩
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