Role of adherent and invasive Escherichia coli in Crohn’s disease: lessons from the postoperative recurrence model - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Gut Year : 2021

Role of adherent and invasive Escherichia coli in Crohn’s disease: lessons from the postoperative recurrence model

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Abstract

Objective We used the postoperative recurrence model to better understand the role of adherent and invasive Escherichia coli (AIEC) bacteria in Crohn’s disease (CD), taking advantage of a well-characterised postoperative cohort. Design From a prospective, multicentre cohort of operated patients with CD, AIEC identification was performed within the surgical specimen (M0) (N=181 patients) and the neoterminal ileum (n=119 patients/181) during colonoscopy performed 6 months after surgery (M6). Endoscopic postoperative recurrence was graded using Rutgeerts’ index. The mucosa-associated microbiota was analysed by 16S sequencing at M0 and M6. Relative risks or ORs were adjusted on potential confounders. Results AIEC prevalence was twofold higher within the neoterminal ileum at M6 (30.3%) than within the surgical specimen (14.9%) (p<0.001). AIEC within the neoterminal ileum at M6 was associated with higher rate of early ileal lesions (i1) (41.6% vs 17.1%; aRR 3.49 (95% CI 1.01 to 12.04), p=0.048) or ileal lesions (i2b+i3) (38.2% vs 17.1%; aRR 3.45 (95% CI 1.06 to 11.30), p=0.040) compared with no lesion (i0). AIEC within the surgical specimen was predictive of higher risk of i2b-endoscopic postoperative recurrence (POR) (aOR 2.54 (95% CI 1.01 to 6.44), p=0.049) and severe endoscopic POR (aOR 3.36 (95% CI 1.25 to 9.06), p=0.017). While only 5.0% (6/119) of the patients were AIEC-positive at both M0 and M6, 43.7% (52/119), patients with history of positive test for AIEC (M0 or M6) had higher risk of ileal endoscopic POR (aOR 2.32 (95% CI 1.01 to 5.39), p=0.048)), i2b-endoscopic postoperative recurrence (aOR 2.41 (95% CI 1.01 to 5.74); p=0.048) and severe endoscopic postoperative (aOR=3.84 (95% CI 1.32 to 11.18), p=0.013). AIEC colonisation was associated with a specific microbiota signature including increased abundance of Ruminococcus gnavus . Conclusion Based on the postoperative recurrence model, our data support the idea that AIEC are involved in the early steps of ileal CD. Trial registration number NCT03458195 .
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Dates and versions

hal-03745296 , version 1 (04-08-2022)

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Anthony Buisson, Harry Sokol, Nassim Hammoudi, Stéphane Nancey, Xavier Treton, et al.. Role of adherent and invasive Escherichia coli in Crohn’s disease: lessons from the postoperative recurrence model. Gut, 2021, ⟨10.1136/gutjnl-2021-325971⟩. ⟨hal-03745296⟩
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