Virus Elimination from Naturally Infected Field Cultivars of Potato (Solanum tuberosum) by Transgenic RNA Interference - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Molecular Sciences Year : 2022

Virus Elimination from Naturally Infected Field Cultivars of Potato (Solanum tuberosum) by Transgenic RNA Interference

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Abstract

Tissue culture methods enable virus elimination from vegetatively propagated crop plants but cannot prevent new infections. Here we used a tissue culture transgenic approach for curing field cultivars of Solanum tuberosum through the stimulation of RNA interference (RNAi)-based antiviral defenses. Expression cassettes carrying inverted repeats of potato virus S (PVS, genus Carlavirus) movement or coat protein sequences were used for the transformation of potato cultivars naturally infected with PVS and/or a related carlavirus potato virus M (PVM), without or with potato virus Y (PVY, genus Potyvirus). A high proportion of transformants PCR-positive for transgenes were cured from both carlaviruses and PVY. After 3-year field trials, 22 transgenic lines representing seven cultivars remained free of any virus or became infected only with PVY. Vegetative progenies of the transgenic lines of cultivar Zeren (initially coinfected with PVS, PVM, and PVY), sampled after in vitro propagation or field trials, and other field cultivars accumulated transgene-derived 21, 22, and 24 nt small interfering (si)RNAs almost exclusively from the PVS inverted repeats. Additionally, some field progenies accumulated 21–22 nt siRNAs from the entire PVY genome, confirming PVY infection. Taken together, transgenic RNAi is effective for virus elimination from naturally infected potato cultivars and their sequence-specific immunization against new infections.
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Dates and versions

hal-03747765 , version 1 (08-08-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Alyona Alexandrova, Oxana Karpova, Ruslan Kryldakov, Victor Golyaev, Rufina Nargilova, et al.. Virus Elimination from Naturally Infected Field Cultivars of Potato (Solanum tuberosum) by Transgenic RNA Interference. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2022, 23 (14), pp.8020. ⟨10.3390/ijms23148020⟩. ⟨hal-03747765⟩
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