Sea trout ( Salmo trutta ) straying rate decreases as distance from river mouth increases - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Fish Biology Year : 2022

Sea trout ( Salmo trutta ) straying rate decreases as distance from river mouth increases

Abstract

For both conservation and management purposes, it is important to identify the natal origin of migratory individuals entering a river, particularly in genetically spatially structured species like brown trout (Salmo trutta) where the migrant ecotype (called seatrout) can originate from different populations. Nonetheless, little attention has been paid to the spatial distribution of non-local fish at the level of an entire river catchment.The objective of the study was to quantify the proportion of non-local sea trout enter-ing a river catchment (i.e., straying rate) and estimate the spatial extent of their upstream migration. Here, the authors considered dispersal in three distinct rivers,taking advantage of 10 sampling sites. Sea trout, either trapped or rod-caught, weregenotyped and genetically assigned to their source populations using appropriate base-lines. Based on 1437 sea trout fish classified as local or non-local, the authors empiri-cally demonstrate that straying rate declines in each river as distance from the coast increases in a non-linear fashion. Straying rate exceeds 50% near the mouth, and then decreases gradually to reach <10% 40–50 km inland. A similar spatial pattern is found in the three rivers investigated suggesting an underlying common behaviour of non-local sea trout. The data and results presented here suggest that straying in is far more constrained spatially than first expected. The majority of non-local sea trout were found within the first 25 km of the estuary in the three rivers investigated
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Dates and versions

hal-03766572 , version 1 (01-09-2022)

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Joelle Chat, Amaia Lamarins, Olivier Lepais. Sea trout ( Salmo trutta ) straying rate decreases as distance from river mouth increases. Journal of Fish Biology, 2022, 8 p. ⟨10.1111/jfb.15152⟩. ⟨hal-03766572⟩
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