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Journal Articles Plant Phenomics Year : 2021

Exploring Seasonal and Circadian Rhythms in Structural Traits of Field Maize from LiDAR Time Series

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Abstract

Plant growth rhythm in structural traits is important for better understanding plant response to the ever-changing environment. Terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) is a well-suited tool to study structural rhythm under field conditions. Recent studies have used TLS to describe the structural rhythm of trees, but no consistent patterns have been drawn. Meanwhile, whether TLS can capture structural rhythm in crops is unclear. Here, we aim to explore the seasonal and circadian rhythms in maize structural traits at both the plant and leaf levels from time-series TLS. The seasonal rhythm was studied using TLS data collected at four key growth periods, including jointing, bell-mouthed, heading, and maturity periods. Circadian rhythms were explored by using TLS data acquired around every 2 hours in a whole day under standard and cold stress conditions. Results showed that TLS can quantify the seasonal and circadian rhythm in structural traits at both plant and leaf levels. (1) Leaf inclination angle decreased significantly between the jointing stage and bell-mouthed stage. Leaf azimuth was stable after the jointing stage. (2) Some individual-level structural rhythms (e.g., azimuth and projected leaf area/PLA) were consistent with leaf-level structural rhythms. (3) The circadian rhythms of some traits (e.g., PLA) were not consistent under standard and cold stress conditions. (4) Environmental factors showed better correlations with leaf traits under cold stress than standard conditions. Temperature was the most important factor that significantly correlated with all leaf traits except leaf azimuth. This study highlights the potential of time-series TLS in studying outdoor agricultural chronobiology.

Dates and versions

hal-03771726 , version 1 (07-09-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Shichao Jin, Yanjun Su, Yongguang Zhang, Shilin Song, Qing Li, et al.. Exploring Seasonal and Circadian Rhythms in Structural Traits of Field Maize from LiDAR Time Series. Plant Phenomics, 2021, 2021, pp.1-15. ⟨10.34133/2021/9895241⟩. ⟨hal-03771726⟩
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