A Single Bout of Ultra-Endurance Exercise Reveals Early Signs of Muscle Aging in Master Athletes - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Molecular Sciences Year : 2022

A Single Bout of Ultra-Endurance Exercise Reveals Early Signs of Muscle Aging in Master Athletes

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Abstract

Middle-aged and master endurance athletes exhibit similar physical performance and long-term muscle adaptation to aerobic exercise. Nevertheless, we hypothesized that the short-term plasticity of the skeletal muscle might be distinctly altered for master athletes when they are challenged by a single bout of prolonged moderate-intensity exercise. Six middle-aged (37Y) and five older (50Y) master highly-trained athletes performed a 24-h treadmill run (24TR). Vastus lateralis muscle biopsies were collected before and after the run and assessed for proteomics, fiber morphometry, intramyocellular lipid droplets (LD), mitochondrial oxidative activity, extracellular matrix (ECM), and micro-vascularisation. Before 24TR, muscle fiber type morphometry, intramyocellular LD, oxidative activity, ECM and micro-vascularisation were similar between master and middle-aged runners. For 37Y runners, 24TR was associated with ECM thickening, increased capillary-to-fiber interface, and an 89% depletion of LD in type-I fibers. In contrast, for 50Y runners, 24TR did not alter ECM and capillarization and poorly depleted LDs. Moreover, an impaired succinate dehydrogenase activity and functional class scoring of proteomes suggested reduced oxidative phosphorylation post-24TR exclusively in 50Y muscle. Collectively, our data support that middle-aged and master endurance athletes exhibit distinct transient plasticity in response to a single bout of ultra-endurance exercise, which may constitute early signs of muscle aging for master athletes.
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Dates and versions

hal-03776164 , version 1 (13-09-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Cécile Coudy-Gandilhon, Lydie Combaret, Léonard Féasson, Marine Gueugneau, Christophe Chambon, et al.. A Single Bout of Ultra-Endurance Exercise Reveals Early Signs of Muscle Aging in Master Athletes. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2022, 23 (7), pp.3713. ⟨10.3390/ijms23073713⟩. ⟨hal-03776164⟩
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