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Opportunities for animal genetics to foster the ecological transition of livestock farming systems

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Abstract

Industrial livestock systems faces a major crisis of legitimacy and animal breeding contributes to this situation. Worldwide, breeding goals focus on economic performance and rarely consider the environmental and social impacts. Agroecology offers a conceptual framework to think alternative solutions to face this crisis and to guide the transition of livestock farming towards nature-based systems. Animal genetics, as an essential component of animal husbandry, should contribute to this evolution. Based on the agroecological principles applied to animal farming and the efficiency-substitution-redesign (ESR) framework, we showed that animal breeding mainly focused on the E-S levels of the ESR framework and few on the redesign of animal farming. We then present some perspectives for the redesign of breeding goals, the use of the G×E interaction information in the evaluation of animals, and the benefits of managing the available genetic diversity of livestock species to fit to the needs of nature-inclusive systems.
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Dates and versions

hal-03779776 , version 1 (17-09-2022)

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  • HAL Id : hal-03779776 , version 1

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Davi Savietto, Frédéric Douhard, Hélène Gilbert, Rachel Rupp, Laurence Fortun, et al.. Opportunities for animal genetics to foster the ecological transition of livestock farming systems. 12th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Jul 2022, Rotterdam, Netherlands. ⟨hal-03779776⟩
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