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Journal Articles Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Year : 2022

Pharmaceutical pollution of the world’s rivers

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John Wilkinson
Dana Kolpin
Kenneth Leung
Racliffe Lai
Cristóbal Galbán-Malagón
Aiko Adell
Julie Mondon
Marc Metian
Alejandra Bouzas-Monroy
Aida Cuni-Sanchez
Anja Coors
Pedro Carriquiriborde
  • Function : Author
Macarena Rojo
Chris Gordon
Magdalena Cara
Monique Moermond
  • Function : Author
Thais Luarte
  • Function : Author
Vahagn Petrosyan
Yekaterina Perikhanyan
Clare Mahon
  • Function : Author
Christopher Mcgurk
  • Function : Author
Thilo Hofmann
Tapos Kormoker
Volga Iniguez
  • Function : Author
Jessica Guzman-Otazo
  • Function : Author
Jean Tavares
Maria Razzolini
Victorien Dougnon
  • Function : Author
Gildas Gbaguidi
  • Function : Author
Oumar Traoré
  • Function : Author
Jules Blais
Linda Kimpe
  • Function : Author
Michelle Wong
  • Function : Author
Donald Wong
  • Function : Author
Romaric Ntchantcho
  • Function : Author
Jaime Pizarro
Guang-Guo Ying
  • Function : Author
Chang-Er Chen
Martha Páez
  • Function : Author
Jina Martínez-Lara
Jean-Paul Otamonga
John Poté
Suspense Ifo
  • Function : Author
Penelope Wilson
  • Function : Author
Silvia Echeverría-Sáenz
Nikolina Udikovic-Kolic
Milena Milakovic
Despo Fatta-Kassinos
Lida Ioannou-Ttofa
  • Function : Author
Vladimíra Belušová
  • Function : Author
Jan Vymazal
María Cárdenas-Bustamante
  • Function : Author
Bayable Kassa
Jeanne Garric
Arnaud Chaumot
Peter Gibba
  • Function : Author
Ilia Kunchulia
  • Function : Author
Sven Seidensticker
  • Function : Author
Gerasimos Lyberatos
Halldór Halldórsson
Molly Melling
  • Function : Author
Thatikonda Shashidhar
Manisha Lamba
  • Function : Author
Anindrya Nastiti
Adee Supriatin
Nima Pourang
  • Function : Author
Ali Abedini
  • Function : Author
Omar Abdullah
  • Function : Author
Salem Gharbia
  • Function : Author
Francesco Pilla
  • Function : Author
Benny Chefetz
  • Function : Author
Tom Topaz
  • Function : Author
Koffi Marcellin Yao
  • Function : Author
Bakhyt Aubakirova
Raikhan Beisenova
  • Function : Author
Lydia Olaka
  • Function : Author
Jemimah Mulu
Peter Chatanga
Victor Ntuli
  • Function : Author
Nathaniel Blama
  • Function : Author
Sheck Sherif
Ahmad Zaharin Aris
  • Function : Author
Ley Juen Looi
  • Function : Author
Mahamoudane Niang
  • Function : Author
Seydou Traore
  • Function : Author
Rik Oldenkamp
Olatayo Ogunbanwo
Muhammad Ashfaq
Muhammad Iqbal
Ziad Abdeen
  • Function : Author
Aaron O’dea
Jorge Manuel Morales-Saldaña
María Custodio
Heidi de la Cruz
Ian Navarrete
Fabio Carvalho
Alhaji Brima Gogra
  • Function : Author
Bashiru Koroma
  • Function : Author
Vesna Cerkvenik-Flajs
Mitja Gombač
  • Function : Author
Melusi Thwala
Kyungho Choi
Habyeong Kang
John Ladu
Andreu Rico
Priyanie Amerasinghe
  • Function : Author
Anna Sobek
Gisela Horlitz
Armin Zenker
Alex King
Jheng-Jie Jiang
Rebecca Kariuki
Madaka Tumbo
Ulas Tezel
Turgut Onay
  • Function : Author
Julius Lejju
Yuliya Vystavna
  • Function : Author
Yuriy Vergeles
Horacio Heinzen
Andrés Pérez-Parada
Douglas Sims
Maritza Figy
  • Function : Author
David Good
Charles Teta

Abstract

Significance Despite growing evidence of the deleterious effects on ecological and human health, little is known regarding the global occurrence of pharmaceuticals in rivers. Studies assessing their occurrence are available for 75 of 196 countries, with most research conducted in North America and Western Europe. This leaves large geographical regions relatively unstudied. Here, we present the findings of a global reconnaissance of pharmaceutical pollution in rivers. The study monitored 1,052 sampling sites along 258 rivers in 104 countries of all continents, thus representing the pharmaceutical fingerprint of 471.4 million people. We show that the presence of these contaminants in surface water poses a threat to environmental and/or human health in more than a quarter of the studied locations globally.

Dates and versions

hal-03788318 , version 1 (26-09-2022)

Identifiers

Cite

John Wilkinson, Alistair Boxall, Dana Kolpin, Kenneth Leung, Racliffe Lai, et al.. Pharmaceutical pollution of the world’s rivers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2022, 119 (8), ⟨10.1073/pnas.2113947119⟩. ⟨hal-03788318⟩
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