Spontaneous Physical Activity in Obese Condition Favours Antitumour Immunity Leading to Decreased Tumour Growth in a Syngeneic Mouse Model of Carcinogenesis - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Cancers Year : 2022

Spontaneous Physical Activity in Obese Condition Favours Antitumour Immunity Leading to Decreased Tumour Growth in a Syngeneic Mouse Model of Carcinogenesis

(1) , (2) , (1) , (1) , (1) , (1) , (1)
1
2

Abstract

Simple Summary With aging, a deterioration of the immune system, termed immunosenescence, leads to a loss of innate and adaptive immunity in terms of number of cells and functionality. This results in an imbalance between pro- and anti-tumour immune response. The aim of the study was to explore the impact of physical activity on the tissue environment in a murine model of breast carcinogenesis. In this model, spontaneous physical activity slows tumour growth by decreasing low-grade inflammation and promotes antitumour immunity. Our goal was to evaluate the effect of spontaneous physical activity on tumour immunity during aging. Elderly (n = 10/group, 33 weeks) ovariectomized C57BL/6J mice fed a hyperlipidic diet were housed in standard (SE) or enriched (EE) environments. After 4 weeks, orthotopic implantation of syngeneic mammary cancer EO771 cells was performed to explore the immune phenotyping in the immune organs and the tumours, as well as the cytokines in the tumour and the plasma. EE lowered circulating myostatin, IL-6 and slowed down tumour growth. Spleen and inguinal lymph node weights reduced in relation to SE. Within the tumours, EE induced a lower content of lymphoid cells with a decrease in Th2, Treg and MDCS; and, conversely, a greater quantity of Tc and TAMs. While no change in tumour NKs cells occurred, granzyme A and B expression increased as did that of perforin 1. Spontaneous physical activity in obese conditions slowed tumour growth by decreasing low-grade inflammation, modulating immune recruitment and efficacy within the tumour.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
2022_Le Guennec_Cancers.pdf (2.94 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Dates and versions

hal-03790783 , version 1 (28-09-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

Identifiers

Cite

Delphine Le Guennec, Marie Goepp, Marie-Chantal Farges, Stéphanie Rougé, Marie-Paule Vasson, et al.. Spontaneous Physical Activity in Obese Condition Favours Antitumour Immunity Leading to Decreased Tumour Growth in a Syngeneic Mouse Model of Carcinogenesis. Cancers, 2022, 14 (1), pp.59. ⟨10.3390/cancers14010059⟩. ⟨hal-03790783⟩
22 View
5 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More