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Journal Articles Molecular Ecology Year : 2022

A network approach to decipher the dynamics of Lysobacteraceae plasmid gene sharing

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Plasmids provide an efficient vehicle for gene sharing among bacterial populations, playing a key role in bacterial evolution. Network approaches are particularly suitable to represent multipartite relationships and are useful tools to characterize plasmid-mediated gene sharing events. The bacterial family Lysobacteraceae includes plant commensal, plant pathogenic and opportunistic human pathogens for which plasmid-mediated adaptation has been reported. We searched for homologues of plasmid gene sequences from this family in the entire diversity of available bacterial genome sequences and built a network of plasmid gene sharing from the results. While plasmid genes are openly shared between the bacteria of the family Lysobacteraceae, taxonomy strongly defined the boundaries of these exchanges, which only barely reached other families. Most inferred plasmid gene sharing events involved a few genes only, and evidence of full plasmid transfers were restricted to taxonomically closely related taxa. We detected multiple plasmid-chromosome gene transfers, including the known sharing of a heavy metal resistance transposon. In the network, bacterial lifestyles shaped substructures of isolates colonizing specific ecological niches and harbouring specific types of resistance genes. Genes associated with pathogenicity or antibiotic and metal resistance were among those that most importantly structured the network, highlighting the imprints of human-mediated selective pressure on pathogenic populations. A massive sequencing effort on environmental Lysobacteraceae is therefore required to refine our understanding of how this reservoir fuels the emergence and the spread of genes among this family and its potential impact on plant, animal and human health.
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Dates and versions

hal-03792397 , version 1 (30-09-2022)


Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives - CC BY 4.0



Damien Richard, Philippe Roumagnac, Olivier Pruvost, Pierre Lefeuvre. A network approach to decipher the dynamics of Lysobacteraceae plasmid gene sharing. Molecular Ecology, In press, ⟨10.1111/mec.16536⟩. ⟨hal-03792397⟩
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