SNP4OrphanSpecies: A bioinformatics pipeline to isolate molecular markers for studying genetic diversity of orphan species - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Biodiversity Data Journal Year : 2022

SNP4OrphanSpecies: A bioinformatics pipeline to isolate molecular markers for studying genetic diversity of orphan species

(1) , (1) , (2) , (3) , (1) , (1)
1
2
3

Abstract

For several decades, an increase in disease or pest emergences due to anthropogenic introduction or environmental changes has been recorded. This increase leads to serious threats to the genetic and species diversity of numerous ecosystems. Many of these events involve species with poor or no genomic resources (called here "orphan species"). This lack of resources is a serious limitation to our understanding of the origin of emergent populations, their ability to adapt to new environments and to predict future consequences to biodiversity. Analyses of genetic diversity are an efficient method to obtain this information rapidly, but require available polymorphic genetic markers. We developed a generic bioinformatics pipeline to rapidly isolate such markers with the goal for the pipeline to be applied in studies of invasive taxa from different taxonomic groups, with a special focus on forest fungal pathogens and insect pests. This pipeline is based on: 1) an automated de novo genome assembly obtained from shotgun whole genome sequencing using paired-end Illumina technology; 2) the isolation of single-copy genes conserved in species related to the studied emergent organisms; 3) primer development for multiplexed short sequences obtained from these conserved genes. Previous studies have shown that intronic regions of these conserved genes generally contain several single nucleotide polymorphisms within species. The pipeline's functionality was evaluated with sequenced genomes of five invasive or expanding pathogen and pest species in Europe ( Armillaria ostoyae (Romagn.) Herink 1973, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus Steiner & Buhrer 1934, Sphaeropsis sapinea (fr.) Dicko & B. Sutton 1980, Erysiphe alphitoides (Griffon & Maubl.) U. Braun & S. Takam. 2000, Thaumetopoea pityocampa Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775). We successfully isolated several pools of one hundred short gene regions for each assembled genome, which can be amplified in multiplex. The bioinformatics pipeline is user-friendly and requires little computational resources. This easy-to-set-up and run method for genetic marker identification will be useful for numerous laboratories studying biological invasions, but with limited resources and expertise in bioinformatics.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
2022_Penaud.pdf (331.04 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Dates and versions

hal-03799044 , version 1 (05-10-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

Identifiers

Cite

Benjamin Penaud, Benoit Laurent, Marine Milhes, Camille Noûs, François Ehrenmann, et al.. SNP4OrphanSpecies: A bioinformatics pipeline to isolate molecular markers for studying genetic diversity of orphan species. Biodiversity Data Journal, 2022, 10, pp.1-18. ⟨10.3897/BDJ.10.e85587⟩. ⟨hal-03799044⟩
23 View
2 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More