Evaluation of Environmental Lactococcus lactis Strains Reveals Their Potential for Biotransformation of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Applied Microbiology Year : 2022

Evaluation of Environmental Lactococcus lactis Strains Reveals Their Potential for Biotransformation of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks

Abstract

In this study, the potential for a collection of wild-type L. lactis strains to metabolize the breakdown products of lignocellulose was investigated. The strains, isolated from a variety of environmental sources including grass and vegetables, were analyzed for their ability to ferment pentose sugars and their cellulolytic ability. In total, 21 environment-derived L. lactis strains were evaluated. Eleven of the 21 L. lactis isolates were found to have the potential to ferment pentose sugars commonly produced by lignocellulose breakdown. A 3,5-dinitrosalicylic acid (DNS)-based cellulase assay was performed, and 10 of the 21 L. lactis isolates showed cellulolytic activity. Six strains were able to both metabolize pentose sugars and showed cellulolytic activity: these included green pea isolates DPC 6754, DPC 6755, DPC 6756, and DPC 6758, the grass isolate DPC 6760, and the mung bean sprouts isolate KF147. For the first time, certain wild-type non-engineered L. lactis were found to possess cellulolytic activity. Moreover, these two abilities do not appear to be correlated. These findings highlight that environment-derived L. lactis, a species with a history of safe use in food production, has the potential for second-generation bioconversion processes, and the potential to re-utilize plant biomass found in waste streams.
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hal-03812056 , version 1 (12-10-2022)

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Desirée Román Naranjo, Michael Callanan, Anne Thierry, Olivia Mcauliffe. Evaluation of Environmental Lactococcus lactis Strains Reveals Their Potential for Biotransformation of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks. Applied Microbiology, 2022, 2, pp.805-817. ⟨10.3390/applmicrobiol2040061⟩. ⟨hal-03812056⟩

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