Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats in Xanthomonas citri—Witnesses to a Global Expansion of a Bacterial Pathogen over Time - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Microorganisms Year : 2022

Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats in Xanthomonas citri—Witnesses to a Global Expansion of a Bacterial Pathogen over Time

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Abstract

Xanthomonas citri pv. citri, a Gram-negative bacterium, is the causal agent of citrus canker, a significant threat to citrus production. Understanding of global expansion of the pathogen and monitoring introduction into new regions are of interest for integrated disease management at the local and global level. Genetic diversity can be assessed using genomic approaches or information from partial gene sequences, satellite markers or clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR). Here, we compared CRISPR loci from 355 strains of X. citri pv. citri, including a sample from ancient DNA, and generated the genealogy of the spoligotypes, i.e., the absence/presence patterns of CRISPR spacers. We identified 26 novel spoligotypes and constructed their likely evolutionary trajectory based on the whole-genome information. Moreover, we analyzed ~30 additional pathovars of X. citri and found that the oldest part of the CRISPR array was present in the ancestor of several pathovars of X. citri. This work presents a framework for further analyses of CRISPR loci and allows drawing conclusions about the global spread of the citrus canker pathogen, as exemplified by two introductions in West Africa.
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hal-03813531 , version 1 (13-10-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Ninon Bellanger, Alexis Dereeper, Ralf Koebnik. Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats in Xanthomonas citri—Witnesses to a Global Expansion of a Bacterial Pathogen over Time. Microorganisms, 2022, 10 (9), ⟨10.3390/microorganisms10091715⟩. ⟨hal-03813531⟩
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