Linkages between traits and decomposition of weed communities along a soil management and pedoclimate gradient in Mediterranean vineyards - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Annals of Botany Year : 2022

Linkages between traits and decomposition of weed communities along a soil management and pedoclimate gradient in Mediterranean vineyards

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Abstract

Background and Aims Decomposition is a major ecosystem process which improves soil quality. Despite that, only a few studies have analysed decomposition in an agricultural context, while most agrosystems (e.g. vineyards) are facing decreasing soil quality. The objective of this study is to understand the impacts of both pedoclimate and weed management on the mass loss of vineyard weed communities during the early stages of the decomposition process through their functional properties. Methods In 16 Mediterranean vineyards representing both a pedoclimate and a soil management gradient, we measured the mass loss of green above-ground biomass of 50 weed communities during decomposition in standard conditions and key leaf traits of dominant species [e.g. leaf dry matter content (LDMC) and leaf lignin to nitrogen ratio (lignin:N)]. Both the mean [i.e. community-weighted mean (CWM)] and diversity (i.e. Rao index) were computed at the community level. Path analysis was used to quantify the effects of agro-environmental filters on the mass loss of weed communities through their functional properties. Key Results Tillage and mowing filtered more decomposable communities than chemical weeding (16 and 8 % of higher mass loss after 2 months of decomposition). Path analysis selected weed management practice type as the main factor determining mass loss through its effect on functional properties, while soil and climate had minor and no effects, respectively. Chemical weeding favoured communities with higher investment in resistant leaves (e.g. 38 % higher lignin:N, 22 % lower leaf nitrogen content) which resulted in lower mass loss compared with tilled and mowed communities. Mowing favoured communities with 47 % higher biomass and with 46 % higher nitrogen content. Conclusions Weed management significantly influenced weed mass loss, while the pedoclimate had little effect. Our results suggest that mowing is a promising alternative to herbicide use, favouring higher biomass, nitrogen content and decomposability potential of weeds.
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Dates and versions

hal-03819778 , version 1 (18-10-2022)

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Marie-Charlotte Bopp, Guillaume Fried, Aurélie Metay, Denis Bastianelli, Laurent Bonnal, et al.. Linkages between traits and decomposition of weed communities along a soil management and pedoclimate gradient in Mediterranean vineyards. Annals of Botany, 2022, 130 (4), pp.547-560. ⟨10.1093/aob/mcac099⟩. ⟨hal-03819778⟩
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