Improving the storage of cover crops by co-ensiling with different waste types: Effect on fermentation and effluent production - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Waste Management Year : 2022

Improving the storage of cover crops by co-ensiling with different waste types: Effect on fermentation and effluent production

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Abstract

Cover crops harvested at a low maturity stage generally have a high moisture content, which may generate energy losses during silage storage via effluent production and undesirable fermentations. This paper investigates the use of different waste types as absorbent co-substrates to be added before ensiling. The relation between the absorbent water holding capacity and silage effluent volume was first studied to find an effective parameter to prevent effluent production. Effluent retention was found to be proportional to the absorbent loading and water holding capacity (r2 = 0.98) and up to 90 % of effluent production was avoided when compared to control (295 l.t−1). The impact of different co-substrates (including bio-waste and manures) on overall ensiling performances was then investigated at an optimized absorbent loading. All co-substrates allowed a total effluent retention while a 76 l.t−1 effluent volume was reported for the control. The silage fermentation was modified or mostly unchanged depending on the co-substrate chemical and microbial properties and different metabolic pathways were observed (e.g. homolactic or butyric fermentation). In most conditions, the methane potential of the crop was efficiently preserved over a storage of 60 days. Co-ensiling was shown to be a relevant silage preparation method for biogas production.
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Dates and versions

hal-03822493 , version 1 (20-10-2022)

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C. van Vlierberghe, A. Chiboubi, Hélène Carrère, Nicolas Bernet, G. Santa Catalina, et al.. Improving the storage of cover crops by co-ensiling with different waste types: Effect on fermentation and effluent production. Waste Management, 2022, 154, pp.136-145. ⟨10.1016/j.wasman.2022.10.002⟩. ⟨hal-03822493⟩
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