Identification, pathogenicity and community dynamics of fungi and oomycetes associated with pea root rot in northern France - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles (Review Article) Plant Pathology Year : 2022

Identification, pathogenicity and community dynamics of fungi and oomycetes associated with pea root rot in northern France

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Abstract

Abstract The pea root rot complex is a major concern for green pea production worldwide. This study aimed at characterizing its composition and dynamics throughout a cropping season in northern France. To this end, fungi and oomycetes were isolated from green pea plant roots with symptoms sampled at the flowering stage in 22 fields in 2017, and at the pea emergence, elongation and flowering stages in two fields in 2018. Out of 646 isolates collected, 317 were identified using molecular markers. Fusarium oxysporum, F. solani and F. redolens were highly predominant. Pathogenicity tests separated the isolates into four aggressiveness groups. F. solani isolates were the most aggressive. Phylogenetic analysis of their TEF1 sequences showed that they mainly belonged to the F. pisi lineage, and that F. oxysporum isolates were genetically close to isolates from the UK that did not belong to the forma specialis pisi. In addition, several Clonostachys rhizophaga isolates are reported for the first time to cause pea root rot. The oomycetes were rarely found and were represented by a few Pythium spp. isolates. Lastly, this study shows that the fungal and oomycete communities associated with pea root rot change during the cropping season. The level of dissimilarity of the root-rot-associated communities decreased throughout the cropping season towards a more similar composition at the flowering stage, dominated by F. solani, F. oxysporum and F. redolens. The proportion of nonpathogenic to weakly pathogenic isolates decreased progressively during the growing season in favour of moderately to highly pathogenic isolates.
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hal-03823737 , version 1 (21-10-2022)

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Simon Gibert, Véronique Edel-Hermann, Elodie Gautheron, Nadine Gautheron, Eric Bernaud, et al.. Identification, pathogenicity and community dynamics of fungi and oomycetes associated with pea root rot in northern France. Plant Pathology, 2022, 71 (7), pp.1550-1569. ⟨10.1111/ppa.13583⟩. ⟨hal-03823737⟩
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