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Unsupervised Domain Adaptation Methods for Land Cover Mapping with Optical Satellite Image Time Series

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Abstract

Nowadays, Satellite Image Time Series (SITS) are employed as input to derive land cover maps (LCM) to support decision makers in several application domains like agriculture and biodiversity. The generation of LCM largely relies on available ground truth (GT) data to calibrate supervised ma-chine learning models. Unfortunately, this data are not always accessible. In this scenario, the possibility to transfer a model learnt on a particular year (source domain) to another period of time (target domain) could be a valuable tool to deal with the previously mentioned restrictions. In this paper, we provide an experimental evaluation of recent Unsupervised Domain Adaptation (UDA) methods in the specific context of temporal transfer learning for SITS-based LCM. The objective is to learn a classification model at a certain year (exploiting available GT data) and, successively, transfer such a model on a subsequent year where no labelled samples are accessible. The obtained findings reveal that UDA methods represent a promising research direction to cope with the problem of temporal transfer learning for LCM. While a model learnt on the source data and directly applied on target data achieves an weighted F1-score of 67.1, the best UDA method obtains an F1-score of 83.7 with more than 15 points of positive gap. Nevertheless, there is still room for improvement that should be explored in future works.
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Dates and versions

hal-03836642 , version 1 (02-11-2022)

Identifiers

Cite

E. Capliez, D. Ienco, R. Gaetano, N. Baghdadi, A. Hadj Salah. Unsupervised Domain Adaptation Methods for Land Cover Mapping with Optical Satellite Image Time Series. IGARSS 2022 - 2022 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Jul 2022, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp.275-278, ⟨10.1109/IGARSS46834.2022.9884094⟩. ⟨hal-03836642⟩
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