Sexually active male goats stimulate the endocrine and sexual activities of other males in seasonal sexual rest through the “buck-to-buck effect” - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Domestic Animal Endocrinology Year : 2022

Sexually active male goats stimulate the endocrine and sexual activities of other males in seasonal sexual rest through the “buck-to-buck effect”

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Abstract

Male goats rendered sexually active by exposure to a photoperiodic treatment are more efficient than untreated goats in stimulating LH secretion and ovulation in seasonally anestrous goats. This phenomenon is called the "male effect." Here, we determined whether sexually active bucks are able to stimulate the endocrine and sexual activities of other bucks in seasonal sexual rest through the phenomenon that we called the "buck-to-buck effect." We used bucks rendered sexually active (SA) during sexual rest by exposure to 2.5 mo of artificial long days (16 h of light per d) and untreated, sexually inactive (SI) bucks. In Experiment 1, we determined the short-term (21 d) LH and testosterone responses of sexually inactive bucks joined with a SA or SI buck. In Experiment 2, we determined the long-term (60 d) testosterone and sexual behavior responses of sexually inactive bucks joined with 2 SA or SI bucks. In Experiment 3, we determined the efficacy of bucks initially exposed to the buckto-buck effect, the SABB bucks, to thereafter induce a "classical" male effect in seasonally anestrous goats. In Experiments 1 and 2, there was an interaction between time and groups in LH and testosterone plasma concentrations (P < 0.01). In Experiment 1, plasma LH concentrations were greater in bucks joined with a SA buck than in those joined with an SI buck (P < 0.05). In Experiments 1 and 2, testosterone concentrations were greater in bucks joined with SA bucks than in those joined with SI bucks (P < 0.05). In addition, in Experiment 2, the sexually inactive bucks joined with SA bucks displayed more nudging than those joined with SI bucks (P < 0.001). In Experiment 3, kidding rates did not differ between females joined with SA (34 of 40: 85%) or SABB bucks (32 of 40: 80%; P > 0.05). We concluded that the endocrine and sexual activities of bucks during sexual rest can be stimulated by SA bucks. In addition, SABB bucks are able to stimulate the reproductive activity of seasonally anestrous goats.
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Dates and versions

hal-03838150 , version 1 (03-11-2022)

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J.A. Delgadillo, L.A. Espinoza-Flores, J.A. Abecia, H. Hernández, Matthieu Keller, et al.. Sexually active male goats stimulate the endocrine and sexual activities of other males in seasonal sexual rest through the “buck-to-buck effect”. Domestic Animal Endocrinology, 2022, 81, pp.1-10. ⟨10.1016/j.domaniend.2022.106746⟩. ⟨hal-03838150⟩
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