One Stomatal Model to Rule Them All? Toward Improved Representation of Carbon and Water Exchange in Global Models - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems Year : 2022

One Stomatal Model to Rule Them All? Toward Improved Representation of Carbon and Water Exchange in Global Models

Manon Sabot
Andy Pitman
Belinda Medlyn
David Ellsworth
Jin Wu
Brendan Choat
Patrick Mitchell
Shawn Serbin

Abstract

Stomatal conductance schemes that optimize with respect to photosynthetic and hydraulic functions have been proposed to address biases in land-surface model (LSM) simulations during drought. However, systematic evaluations of both optimality-based and alternative empirical formulations for coupling carbon and water fluxes are lacking. Here, we embed 12 empirical and optimization approaches within a LSM framework. We use theoretical model experiments to explore parameter identifiability and understand how model behaviors differ in response to abiotic changes. We also evaluate the models against leaf-level observations of gas-exchange and hydraulic variables, from xeric to wet forest/woody species spanning a mean annual precipitation range of 361-3,286 mm yr(-1). We find that models differ in how easily parameterized they are, due to: (a) poorly constrained optimality criteria (i.e., resulting in multiple solutions), (b) low influence parameters, (c) sensitivities to environmental drivers. In both the idealized experiments and compared to observations, sensitivities to variability in environmental drivers do not agree among models. Marked differences arise in sensitivities to soil moisture (soil water potential) and vapor pressure deficit. For example, stomatal closure rates at high vapor pressure deficit range between -45% and +70% of those observed. Although over half the new generation of stomatal schemes perform to a similar standard compared to observations of leaf-gas exchange, two models do so through large biases in simulated leaf water potential (up to 11 MPa). Our results provide guidance for LSM development, by highlighting key areas in need for additional experimentation and theory, and by constraining currently viable stomatal hypotheses.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
J_Adv_Model_Earth_Syst_2022_Sabot_One_Stomatal_Model_to_Rule_Them_All_Toward_Improved_Representation_of_Carbon_and.pdf (4.16 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive
Licence : CC BY - Attribution

Dates and versions

hal-03842122 , version 1 (13-11-2023)

Licence

Attribution

Identifiers

Cite

Manon Sabot, Martin de Kauwe, Andy Pitman, Belinda Medlyn, David Ellsworth, et al.. One Stomatal Model to Rule Them All? Toward Improved Representation of Carbon and Water Exchange in Global Models. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 2022, 14 (4), ⟨10.1029/2021MS002761⟩. ⟨hal-03842122⟩
28 View
4 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More