Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus Lcr35 Stimulates Epithelial Vaginal Defenses upon Gardnerella vaginalis Infection - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Infection and Immunity Year : 2022

Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus Lcr35 Stimulates Epithelial Vaginal Defenses upon Gardnerella vaginalis Infection

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Abstract

Dysbiosis of the vaginal microbiome as a result of overgrowth of anaerobic bacteria, such as Gardnerella vaginalis, and low levels of "healthy" lactobacilli leads to bacterial vaginosis (BV), usually associated with a low-grade inflammatory process. Despite appropriate antibiotic treatment, G. vaginalis-associated BV is characterized by significant recurrence. The use of probiotics could be an interesting alternative therapy due to their ability to rebalance vaginal microbiota. In this study, we investigated the effects of a wellcharacterized probiotic strain, Lacticaseibadllus rhamnosus Lcr35, on epithelial vaginal and dendritic cell (DC) immune responses after G. vaginalis infection. In an in vitro coculture model with human monocyte-derived dendritic cells and a vaginal epithelial cell NEC) monolayer, the Lcr35 strain induced DC activation, as evidenced by the induction of maturation and synthesis of interleukin-8 (IL-8) and CCL-20 chemokines upon apical challenge of the VECs by G. vaginas. Analysis of the vaginal epithelial response showed that the presence of Lcr35 significantly increased the production of the proinflammatory cytokines IL-8 and IL-1 beta and human beta-defensin 2 (HBD-2), whereas the concentration of secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) was decreased in G. vagina/is-infected vaginal epithelial cells. Treatment with recombinant SLPI was associated with upregulation of Lcr35-stimulated IL-8 and HBD-2 production. These results suggest that inhibition of SLPI by Lcr35 in vaginal epithelial cells contributes to the host defense response against G. vaginalis infection.
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Dates and versions

hal-03842273 , version 1 (07-11-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Cite

Sylvie Miquel, Julien Verlaguet, Sophie Garcin, Thomas Bertran, Bertrand Evrard, et al.. Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus Lcr35 Stimulates Epithelial Vaginal Defenses upon Gardnerella vaginalis Infection. Infection and Immunity, 2022, 90 (9), ⟨10.1128/iai.00309-22⟩. ⟨hal-03842273⟩
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