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Journal Articles Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology Year : 2021

Characteristics of children and adolescents with atopic dermatitis who attended therapeutic patient education

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Abstract

Background Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, relapsing, inflammatory skin disease. Therapeutic patient education (TPE) has been demonstrated to be effective in AD in reducing disease severity and improving coping and quality of life. Objectives To describe the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of children and adolescents with AD who had attended TPE sessions, as well as the characteristics of their parents, and compare them with those who did not attend TPE. Methods Parents of children with AD aged 6–17 years old were recruited from a representative sample of the French population contacted by e-mail. Sociodemographic data and clinical information were collected in patients and parents. Clinical severity was assessed by parents using a proxy version of the Patient-Oriented Eczema Measure (POEM). Attendance to TPE sessions was assessed by the following question ‘did your child or one or both parents attended TPE for AD?’. Also, the number of sessions was recorded. Determinants of TPE attendance were evaluated by univariable and multivariable analyses. Results Data were collected on 1063 parents and children with AD. A total of 131 (12.3%) children and/or parents attended TPE sessions. Most of them attended 2–5 TPE sessions. In that group, there were 85 boys (64.9%), and severity evaluated by POEM was mild in 29.8%, moderate in 52.7% and severe in 17.6% of patients. In the multivariable model, attending TPE sessions was significantly associated with sex of the child (boy vs. girl), consultation with a dermatologist or a paediatrician, high clinical severity and presence of AD in parents. Conclusions Despite recommendations, the use of TPE in children with AD is still low in France. There is a need for implementing such programmes in the management of the disease, in particular when the disease is severe.
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Dates and versions

hal-03853266 , version 1 (15-11-2022)

Identifiers

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S. Barbarot, F. Boralevi, J. Shourick, F. Sampogna, E. Mahé, et al.. Characteristics of children and adolescents with atopic dermatitis who attended therapeutic patient education. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 2021, 35 (11), pp.2263-2269. ⟨10.1111/jdv.17526⟩. ⟨hal-03853266⟩
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