Distribution of non-synonymous Vkorc1 mutations in roof rats (Rattus rattus) in France and in Spain - consequences for management - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology Year : 2022

Distribution of non-synonymous Vkorc1 mutations in roof rats (Rattus rattus) in France and in Spain - consequences for management

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Abstract

Rodent control is mainly done using anticoagulant rodenticides leading to the death of rodents through internal bleeding by targeting the VKORC1 protein. However, mutations in VKORC1 can lead to resistance to anticoagulant rodenticides that can cause treatment failure in the field. This study provides the first insight into the distribution, frequency and characterization of Vkorc1 mutations in roof rats ( Rattus rattus) in France and in three administrative areas of Spain. The roof rat is present in France while it was thought to have almost disappeared with the expansion of the brown rat. Nevertheless, it has been found mainly in maritime areas. 151 roof rats out of 219 tested presented at least one missense mutation in the coding sequences of Vkorc1 gene (i.e. 69.0% of the rat). Nine Vkorc1 genotypes were detected (Y25F, A26P, R40G, S57F, W59C, W59R, H68N, Y25F/K152T and Y25F/W59R. Biochemical characterization of the consequences of these different genotypes proved that these various genotypes did not induce severe resistance to anticoagulant rodenticides. Even if many mutations of the Vkorc1 gene are present in roof rat populations in France, their management may be based in a first approach, considering the low levels of resistance induced, on the use of first-generation anticoagulants less dangerous for wildlife. The use of second-generation may be considered when treatment failure is observed or when bait consumption is limited.
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Dates and versions

hal-03882401 , version 1 (02-12-2022)

Licence

Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives - CC BY 4.0

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Cite

Marlène Damin-Pernik, Abdessalem Hammed, Ludivine Giraud, Joffrey Goulois, Etienne Benoît, et al.. Distribution of non-synonymous Vkorc1 mutations in roof rats (Rattus rattus) in France and in Spain - consequences for management. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 2022, 183, pp.105052. ⟨10.1016/j.pestbp.2022.105052⟩. ⟨hal-03882401⟩
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