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Role of nitric oxide synthases from Klebsormidium nitens: first structural characterization and partners identification

(1) , (1) , (1) , (1) , (1) , (1)
Pauline Chatelain
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1107381
Jérémy Astier
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1136573
Agnès Klinguer
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1193956
David Wendehenne
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1198880
Sylvain Jeandroz
Claire Rosnoblet
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1193957


Objectives: Nitric oxide (NO) is an important cellular signaling molecule regulating various physiological processes, in both animals and plants. In animals, NO synthesis is mainly catalyzed by NO synthase (NOS) enzymes. In plants, NOS-like activities sensitive to mammalian NOS inhibitors have been measured, although no sequences encoding mammalian NOSs have been found in land plants. Interestingly, we identified NOS-like sequences in 20 algae species. These latter include the filamentous charophyte green algae Klebsormidium nitens, a biological model to study the early transition step from aquatic algae to land plants. In order to understand the mechanisms governing NO synthesis and signaling in green lineage we initiated the functional characterization of K. nitens NOSs (KnNOS) by analyzing their primary sequences as well as their expression levels in response to abiotic stresses. Methods: KnNOSs nucleotide sequences were verified by RACE-PCR and sequencing, and their mRNA level were monitored by RT-qPCR and protein abundance by western blot. Protein partners were studied, firstly in sillico using the BioGrid database and human NOS interaction data, and secondly in vivo by immunoprecipitation experiments followed by mass spectrometry analysis. Results: Currently, two NOSs were identified in K. nitens genome: the KnNOS1 which possesses classical mammalian NOS architecture consisting of oxygenase and reductase domains with some specificities as lack of conserved residues in binding domain of BH4 cofactors; and the KnNOS2 displaying a large C-ter extension containing an ANK motif and a globin domain. The two KnNOSs seem to be regulated in different ways. KnNOS1 exhibited constitutive expression during the conditions tested, whereas KnNOS2 appeared to be transcriptionally regulated during stress. In parallel studies, we also built the in silico protein–protein interaction network of human NOSs. Interestingly, genes encoding orthologs of several of these candidates were found in K. nitens genome. Some of these conserved partners are known to be involved in mammalian NOSs regulation and represent interesting candidates for further investigation. Conclusions: Overall these findings open the way for a deeper characterization of KnNOSs and its protein partners and will facilitate further investigation of NO signaling in green lineage. Relevant references: Chatelain, P., Astier, J., Wendehenne, D., Rosnoblet, C., and Jeandroz, S. (2021). Identification of Partner Proteins of the Algae Klebsormidium nitens NO Synthases: Toward a Better Understanding of NO Signaling in Eukaryotic Photosynthetic Organisms. Front. Plant Sci. 12, 3068. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2021.797451. Jeandroz, S., Wipf, D., Stuehr, D. J., Lamattina, L., Melkonian, M., Tian, Z., et al. (2016). Occurrence, structure, and evolution of nitric oxide synthase–like proteins in the plant kingdom. Sci. Signal. 9, re2–re2. doi: 10.1126/scisignal.aad4403.
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hal-03887358 , version 1 (06-12-2022)


  • HAL Id : hal-03887358 , version 1


Pauline Chatelain, Jérémy Astier, Agnès Klinguer, David Wendehenne, Sylvain Jeandroz, et al.. Role of nitric oxide synthases from Klebsormidium nitens: first structural characterization and partners identification. Congrès annuel SFBBM Société Française de Biochimie et Biologie Moléculaire, Jul 2022, paris, France. ⟨hal-03887358⟩
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