Pyogenic granuloma of the cornea in a pony: Uncommon complication of corneal wound healing - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Veterinary Ophthalmology Year : 2022

Pyogenic granuloma of the cornea in a pony: Uncommon complication of corneal wound healing

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Abstract

A 6-year-old miniature Shetland pony mare was referred for evaluation of a left corneal mass, which developed from the healing tissue of a corneal traumatic ulceration that had occurred 4 weeks previously. On gross examination, a spherical, smooth-surfaced, and pink-colored lesion of about 1 cm in diameter was protruding from the left palpebral fissure. Ophthalmic examination revealed that it was attached to the scar tissue of the cornea, and that one corpora nigra was adherent to the posterior face of corneal wounded area, without sign of uveitis. The remainder of the ophthalmic examination was unremarkable. The mass was excised, and cryotherapy was used as an adjunctive therapy. Histopathology of the resected mass was consistent with a pyogenic granuloma on the basis of radially oriented proliferating capillaries, embedded in immature granulation tissue containing an infiltrate of neutrophils, plasma cells and eosinophils. There were no histological features of malignancy. 2 months after surgery, the ventral part of the fibrotic corneal scar was slightly raised by a pink tissue, suggesting possible recurrence of the initial lesion. A second cryotherapy was performed over the leukoma area. No recurrence has been noted for a follow-up period of more than 25 months. Pyogenic granuloma is a benign proliferative fibrovascular response that typically develops after trauma or surgery. Corneal involvement is rare in humans, and to the authors' knowledge has never been documented in veterinary ophthalmology.
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Dates and versions

hal-03891417 , version 1 (09-12-2022)

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Alain Regnier, Clara Landrevie, Marie‐Claire Robin, Delphine Einsweiler, Jean‐Yves Douet, et al.. Pyogenic granuloma of the cornea in a pony: Uncommon complication of corneal wound healing. Veterinary Ophthalmology, In press, ⟨10.1111/vop.13041⟩. ⟨hal-03891417⟩
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