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Book Sections Year : 2021

Plant DNA Barcoding Principles and Limits: A Case Study in the Genus Vanilla

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Abstract

Powerful DNA barcodes have been much more difficult to define in plants than in animals. In 2009, the international Consortium for the Barcoding Of Life (CBOL) chose the combination of the chloroplast genes (rbcL + matK) as the proposed official barcode for plants. However, this system has got important limits. First, any barcode system will only be useful if there is a clear barcode gap and if species are monophyletic. Second, chloroplast and mitochondrial (COI gene used for animals) barcodes will not be usable for discriminating hybrid species. Moreover, it was also shown that, using chloroplast regions, maximum species discrimination would be around 70% and very variable among plant groups. This is why many authors have more recently advocated for the addition of the nuclear ITS region to this barcode because it reveals more variations and allows the resolution of hybrid or closely related species. We tested different chloroplast genes (rbcL, matK, psaB, psbC) and the nuclear ITS region in the genus Vanilla, a taxonomically complex group and therefore a good model to test for the efficiency of different barcode systems. We found that the CBOL official barcode system performed relatively poorly in Vanilla (76% species discrimination), and we demonstrate that adding ITS to this barcode system allows to increase resolution (for closely related species and to the subspecies level) and to identify hybrid species. The best species discrimination attained was 96.2% because of one paraphyletic species that could not be resolved.
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Dates and versions

hal-03922644 , version 1 (04-01-2023)

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Pascale Besse, Denis Da Silva, Michel Grisoni. Plant DNA Barcoding Principles and Limits: A Case Study in the Genus Vanilla. Pascale Besse. Methods in Molecular Biology, 2222, Humana, pp.131-148, 2021, Molecular Plant Taxonomy, 2nd edition, 978-1-0716-0996-5. ⟨10.1007/978-1-0716-0997-2_8⟩. ⟨hal-03922644⟩
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