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Journal Articles (Review Article) Advances in Agronomy Year : 2023

Agroecological crop protection for sustainable agriculture

Protection agroécologique des cultures pour une production agricole durable

1 UMR PVBMT - Peuplements végétaux et bioagresseurs en milieu tropical
2 Cirad-BIOS - Département Systèmes Biologiques
3 AGIR - AGroécologie, Innovations, teRritoires
4 ECODEVELOPPEMENT - Ecodéveloppement
5 Direction Persyst - Direction du département Performances des systèmes de production et de transformation tropicaux
6 Cirad-Dgdrs - Direction Générale Déléguée à la Recherche et à la Stratégie
7 UMR ABSys - Agrosystèmes Biodiversifiés
8 PSH - Plantes et systèmes de culture horticoles
9 UPR AIDA - Agroécologie et Intensification Durables des cultures annuelles
10 Cirad-PERSYST - Département Performances des systèmes de production et de transformation tropicaux
11 UMR Innovation - Innovation et Développement dans l'Agriculture et l'Alimentation
12 Cirad-ES - Département Environnements et Sociétés
13 SSSUP - Scuola Universitaria Superiore Sant'Anna [Pisa]
14 ISYEB - Institut de Systématique, Evolution, Biodiversité
15 UMR ASTRE - Animal, Santé, Territoires, Risques et Ecosystèmes
16 IGEPP - Institut de Génétique, Environnement et Protection des Plantes
17 CEFE - Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive
18 TTU - Tan Tao University
19 OFAG - Office Fédéral de l'Agriculture - Federal Office for Agriculture - Bundesamtes für Landwirtschaft [Berne]
20 IRRI - International Rice Research Institute [Philippines]
21 Agronomie
22 GRAB - Groupe de Recherche en Agriculture Biologique
23 CTU - Can Tho University [Vietnam]
24 AGROCLIM - Agroclim
25 Agroécologie [Dijon]
26 SOFRI - Southern Horticultural Research Institute
27 FAO - FAO Plant Production and Protection Division
28 UMR SAVE - Santé et agroécologie du vignoble
29 UMR ART-Dev - Acteurs, Ressources et Territoires dans le Développement
30 UMR PHIM - Plant Health Institute of Montpellier
31 UERI - Unité Expérimentale de Recherches Intégrées en Production Fruitière
32 ACT - Département sciences pour l'action, les transitions, les territoires
33 DEPE - Direction de l'Expertise scientifique collective, de la Prospective et des Etudes
34 GDA - General Directorate of Agriculture - Cambodia
35 JEAI HealthyRice
36 UR GECO - Fonctionnement écologique et gestion durable des agrosystèmes bananiers et ananas
37 DYNAFOR - Dynamiques et écologie des paysages agriforestiers
38 Chrysalis Consulting
Stéphane Bellon
Michel Duru
Antoine Gardarin
  • Function : Author
Marie Launay
  • Function : Author
Nicolas Munier-Jolain
Adrien Rusch
Christian Steinberg

Abstract

Crop losses from pests threaten global food security and safety. In the last six decades, pest control using chemical pesticides has resulted in important yield gains per unit area, worldwide. However, the long-term sustainability of chemical pest control has been increasingly thrown into doubt due to the negative impact on human health, biodiversity, and the environment. Consequently, there is an urgent need to improve the science of crop protection in order to tackle the five key challenges of 21st century agriculture holistically: (i) maintaining or improving agricultural productivity, (ii) producing healthy food, (iii) reducing the negative impacts of agriculture on ecosystem and human health, (iv) ensuring the economic viability of farms, and (v) adapting agriculture to climate change. Agroecological Crop Protection (ACP) can be a powerful approach to address these challenges, as we demonstrate in this paper. ACP is the application of the principles of agroecology to crop protection in order to promote virtuous and sustainable changes in agriculture and food systems. ACP combines multiple approaches and disciplines including ecology, agroecology, and Integrated Pest Management. It promotes a crop protection system compatible with healthy agricultural and food systems, agroecological principles and the “one health” approach. We predict that ACP will meet the challenge of pesticide-free agriculture in the future. In this paper, we will first present the scientific, agricultural and social components of ACP. We will then analyze the research approaches, questions, methods and tools needed to adopt ACP. Finally, we suggest key mechanisms to facilitate the transition to ACP, which will ultimately provide sustainable food, feed, and fuel in a context of major global change.
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Dates and versions

hal-03934002 , version 1 (11-01-2023)

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Cite

Jean-Philippe Deguine, Jean-Noël Aubertot, Stéphane Bellon, François-Xavier Côte, Pierre-Eric P.-E. Lauri, et al.. Agroecological crop protection for sustainable agriculture. Advances in Agronomy, 2023, Advances in Agronomy, 178, pp.1-59. ⟨10.1016/bs.agron.2022.11.002⟩. ⟨hal-03934002⟩
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