Vitamin D induced microbicidal activity against Mycobacterium bovis BCG is dependent on the synergistic activity of bovine peripheral blood cell populations - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology Year : 2023

Vitamin D induced microbicidal activity against Mycobacterium bovis BCG is dependent on the synergistic activity of bovine peripheral blood cell populations

Abstract

A growing appreciation is emerging of the beneficial role of vitamin D for health and resistance against infectious diseases, including tuberculosis. However, research has predominantly focused on murine and human species and functional data in bovines is limited. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the microbicidal activity and immunoregulatory effect of the vitamin D metabolite 1,25(OH)2D3 on bovine peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) in response to Mycobacterium bovis BCG (BCG) infection using a combination of functional assays and gene expression profiling. Blood from Holstein-Friesian bull calves with low circulating levels of 25(OH)D was stimulated with 1,25(OH)2D3 for 2 h, and then infected with M. bovis BCG. Results showed that 1,25(OH)2D3 supplementation significantly increased BCG killing by on average 16 %, although responses varied between 1 % and 38 % killing. Serial cell subset depletion was then performed on PBL prior to 1,25(OH)2D3 incubation and BCG infected as before to analyse the contribution of major cell types to mycobacterial growth control. Specific antibodies and either magnetic cell separation or density gradient centrifugation of monocytes, granulocytes, CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+ T lymphocytes were used to capture each cell subset. Results showed that depletion of granulocytes had the greatest impact on BCG growth, leading to a significant enhancement of bacterial colonies. In contrast, depletion of CD4+ or CD8+ T cells individually, or in combination (CD3+), had no impact on mycobacterial growth control. In agreement with our previous data, 1,25(OH)2D3 significantly increased bacterial killing in PBL, in monocyte depleted samples, and a similar trend was observed in the granulocyte depleted subset. In addition, specific analysis of sorted neutrophils treated with 1,25(OH)2D3 showed an enhanced microbicidal activity against both BCG and a virulent strain of M. bovis. Lastly, data showed that 1,25(OH)2D3 stimulation increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and the expression of genes encoding host defence peptides (HDP) and pathogen recognition receptors (PRRs), factors that play an important role in the microbicidal activity against mycobacteria. In conclusion, the vitamin D metabolite 1,25(OH)2D3 improves antimycobacterial killing in bovine PBLs via the synergistic activity of monocytes and granulocytes and enhanced activation of innate immunity.
No file

Dates and versions

hal-03945395 , version 1 (18-01-2023)

Licence

Copyright

Identifiers

Cite

Susana Flores-Villalva, Aude Remot, Florence Carreras, Nathalie Winter, Stephen Gordon, et al.. Vitamin D induced microbicidal activity against Mycobacterium bovis BCG is dependent on the synergistic activity of bovine peripheral blood cell populations. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 2023, 256, pp.110536. ⟨10.1016/j.vetimm.2022.110536⟩. ⟨hal-03945395⟩
26 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More