Drivers for mutation in amino acid sequences of two mitochondrial proteins (Cytb and COI) in Phytoseiidae mites (Acari: Mesostigmata) - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Experimental and Applied Acarology Year : 2022

Drivers for mutation in amino acid sequences of two mitochondrial proteins (Cytb and COI) in Phytoseiidae mites (Acari: Mesostigmata)

Abstract

Mutations in amino acid sequences can affect protein function. Such aspects have been poorly studied for arthropods. As recent studies have shown mutations in cytochrome b (Cytb) associated with geographic locations in several Phytoseiidae species, the present study aims at investigating (i) the mutation pattern in additional species for the Cytb fragment, (ii) the mutation pattern for another mitochondrial amino acid sequence, cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (COI), and (iii) factors affecting the mutations observed (taxonomy, plant support, climatic variables, wild vs. commercialised species). Mutations in amino acid sequences were assessed in seven Phytoseiidae species, with populations collected in contrasted environments. The DNA sequences were mainly obtained from published studies and some were newly obtained. Mutations were observed within and between the populations considered for both fragments, with higher mutation rates in Cytb than in COI sequences, confirming the robustness of this former fragment. Plant support and taxonomic position were not related to mutation patterns. A lower number of mutations was observed in commercialised populations than in wild ones. As preliminary tendencies, mutations in Cytb and COI sequences seem associated to temperature and moisture. Such a preliminary approach, attempting to relate mutation to functional adaptations, clearly opens new research tracks for better assessment of the drivers of mite adaptation, in a context of climate change.
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Dates and versions

hal-03963944 , version 1 (30-01-2023)

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Marie-Stéphane Tixier, Lou Tabary, Martial Douin. Drivers for mutation in amino acid sequences of two mitochondrial proteins (Cytb and COI) in Phytoseiidae mites (Acari: Mesostigmata). Experimental and Applied Acarology, 2022, 88, pp.1-40. ⟨10.1007/s10493-022-00741-8⟩. ⟨hal-03963944⟩
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